Decided on June 06,1996

C.M.D.A. And Anr. Appellant
Sudhir Brahma And Others Respondents


S.B. Sinha, J. - (1.)This appeal is directed against a judgment and order dated 17th July. 1992 passed by a learned Single Judge of this Court in Civil Order No. 9165 (W) of 1989. whereby and whereunder the writ application filed by the writ petitioners -respondents claiming promotion from Group -D category to category III was allowed. The fact of the matter lies in' a very narrow compass.: The petitioner -respondents were appointed as Group -D employees by the State of West Bengal However, after formation of Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority in terms of President Act No. XVII of 1970 which was later on repealed and replaced by the West Bengal Act No. 11 of 1972, namely Calcutta Metropolitan Development Act, 1972, their services were transferred to the appellant. By reason of a resolution adopted by the Board of directors in its 29th meeting held on 11th May 1973 which is contained in annexure 'A' to the Affidavit -in -opposition, it was resolved that the employees of the appellant would be enjoying all facilities enjoyed by the State Government employees under their terms and conditions of their services excluding pension. In terms of a resolution passed in its 85th meeting held on 30th March, 1985, the authority approved the proposal contained in Item No. 7 regarding reservation in the cadre in typist -cum -clerk with regard to promotion of Group -D employees inasmuch as such measure will be in conformity with the existing position of the State government. It may be noticed that by a notification dated 21st February, 1977, Rule 2 of the West Bengal Services (Provision for. Promotion Prospects of Class IV Employees) Rule, 1974 was amended in the following manner : -
(2.)Notwithstanding anything contained in any rules regulating recruitment to the Clerical Services in an Office other than a Department of the Secretariat or a Directorate under the government of West Bengal ten percent of the posts of Lower Division Clerk in such Office, shall be filled up by promotion from class IV and also from eligible class III employees of that office whose minimum educational qualification is a pass in School Final or Higher Secondary or equivalent examination. Preference shall be given to an employee who possesses the educational qualification prescribed for candidates for direct recruitment to the post of Lower Division Clerk and has rendered not less than five years continuous service as a permanent, permanent status, quasi permanent or temporary government servant in that office
Explanation - For the purpose of this rule the expression eligible class III employees shall mean all non -technical class III. Drawing pay in a scale lower than the scale of nav prescribed for Lower Division clerks/Assistants.

2. Post of clerk -cum -typist fallen vacant in the appellant's organisation. The writ -petitioners -respondent claim their right of being promoted in terms of the aforementioned notification issued by the State of West Bengal dated 21st February, 1977. Having regard to the said notification as also the resolution passed by the appellants in its aforementioned 85th meeting as mentioned hereinbefore in agenda item no. 7 that category III posts should to be filled up by the promotion of qualified Group -D employees. In terms of paragraph 2.1. of the aforementioned resolution, the authorities considered all aspects of the matter and resolved that knowledge of typing is an absolute necessity for the post of typist -cum -clerk while it is not so for the post of junior assistants in CMW & SA. It was, therefore, resolved that such persons who have put in six years of satisfactory service and having qualification of Madhyamik or equivalent examination may appear at the said test wherein they have to pass typing test at 30 words per minute conducted by selection committee. It is not in dispute that pursuant to the aforementioned resolution, typing test were conducted thrice. The writ -petitioner -respondents appeared allegedly without prejudice to their right in the said test, all along but did not come out successful. Thereafter the said writ application was filed. An affidavit -in -opposition was filed by the appellants wherein copies of the aforementioned resolutions were annexed. The learned Trial Judge without going into the question as to whether for the purpose of promotion to the post of typist -cum -clerk, typing test was an essential qualification or not, relying on or on the basis of a Division Bench decision in Appeal No. 604 of 1988. arising out of Matter No. 1426 of 1987 (C.M.D.A. v/s. Pratul Chandra Ghose & Ors.) disposed of on October 3, 1991, wherein the learned Trial Judge himself was a party, allowed the writ application.

(3.)The short question raised in this appeal is as to whether in view of the aforementioned resolution, the writ -petitioners -respondents were entitled to be promoted to the post of clerk -cum -Typist.

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