DHONAVAKONDA GOPALARAO Vs. THATHA VENKATADRI
HIGH COURT OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Referred Judgements :-
SURJIRAM MARWAN V. BARHAMDEO
MAHOMED KHALEEL SHIRAZI V. LES TANNERIES LYONNAISES
NARAYANAPPA NAICKER V. RAMALINGAM PILIAL
PAVAYI V. PALANIVELA GOUNDAN
BALDING V. LANE
BANK OF UPPER INDIA LTD VS. ROBERT HERCULES SKINNER
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(1.)Plaintiff is the appellant in this Second Appeal preferred against
the decree of the District Judge of Nellore in A.S. No. 4 of 1950 dismissing the
plaintiff's suit. The 1st defendant mortgaged his house in favour of the plaintiff
under Exhibit A-1, dated 19th April, 1934 and executed a second mortgage of
the same property on 10th November, 1939, in favour of the 4th defendant. Both
were simple mortgages. The plaintiff purchased the house under Exhibit A-2,
dated 7th April, 1942, from the Official Receiver in the insolvency of the 1st defendant
and took possession. The 4th defendant filed O.S. No. 309 of 1946 on his
mortgage and obtained a decree for sale of the house subject to the previous mortgage,
Exhibit A-1, in favour of the plaintiff. Thereafter, the plaintiff brought the
present suit O.S. 240 of 1948 to enforce his mortgage Exhibit A-1 by sale of the
hypotheca. To save the suit from the bar of limitation, the plaintiff relied on
an acknowledgment of liability in respect of Exhibit A-1 made by the 1st defendant,
mortgagor, in the schedule of debts filed by him in his Insolvency Petition No. 4
of 1939. The 4th defendant pleaded that the plaintiff's suit for sale on foot of Exhibit
A-1 was barred by limitation. Realising the possibility of an adverse decision
on the issue as to limitation, the plaintiff had his plaint amended in the trial Court
by introducing an alternative prayer for a declaration of the amount due under his
mortgage. The trial Court held that the plaintiff's suit for sale on foot of his mortgage was
barred by limitation but granted a decree declaring the amount clue under
the mortgage. There was no appeal by the plaintiff against the decree refusing
him relief by way of sale in enforcement of his mortgage. The 4th defendant,
the puisne mortgagee, appealed to District Court of Nellore which allowed the
appeal and dismissed the suit, holding that the plaintiff was not entitled to the
declaration granted by the lower Court. Hence, this second appeal by the
(2.)Two points were argued before me by the learned advocate for the appellant.
First, he contended that the suit for sale on the mortgage was not barred by limitation
and secondly that even if it was so barred, the declaration of the amount due under
the mortgage should not have been refused in the circumstances of this case.
(3.)As regards the first point, there is a twofold obstacle in the plaintiff's way.
The trial Court dismissed the suit in so far as it prayed for sale of the hypotheca on
the ground that the claim was barred by limitation. The plaintiff did not appeal
against the decree but was content with the declaration of the amount due under
the mortgage granted by the trial Court. On appeal by the 4th defendant, the
appellate Court declined to grant any declaratory relief and dismissed the suit.
In such circumstances, the plaintiff cannot agitate the question of limitation on
second appeal to this Court without appealing to the District Court against the
decree of the trial Court dismissing his suit for sale of the hypotheca. The plaintiff
has in effect directly appealed to this Court from the decree of the District Munsif
and this course is not permissible. See Mahomed Khaleel v. Les Tanneris Lyonnaise,
(1926) 51 M.L.J. 570: L.R. 53 I.A. 84 : I.L.R. 49 Mad. 435 (P.C.).
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