NAMBURI RAJYALAKSHMAMMA Vs. KONGARA RAJAMMA
HIGH COURT OF ANDHRA PRADESH
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(1.)The principal question that falls for consideration in this Second Appeal is whether the sole creditor must necessarily file a suit in a representative capacity and cannot maintain a suit merely on his behalf for a declaration that the alienation made by the judgment-debtor was in fraud of the creditors.
(2.)The first defendant who is the appellant herein is the wife of the 2nd judgment-debtor against whom the 1st respondent herein had obtained a money decree on 3-8-1961 in O. S. No. 6 of 1961 on the file of the District Munsifs Court Nuzvid in execution of which he attached the properties in question in E. P. No. 194 of 1961. The 1st defendant filed a claim petition E. A. No. 70 of 1962 in E. P. No. 194 of 1961 on the file of the District Munsifs Court, Nuzvid claiming that the properties were alienated under a sale-deed dated 11-10-1960 in his favour. The claim petition was allowed on 17-9-1962. The decree-holder, therefore, filed the present suit O. S. No. 185 of 1963 on the file of the District Munsifs Court, Nuzvid (1) for setting aside the order in the claim petition E. A. No. 70 of 1962 in E. P. No. 194 of 1961 and (2) for declaring the plaintiffs right to attach and sell the plaint schedule properties for recovering the decree debt due to her by the 2nd defendant. The 1st defendant resisted the suit among others on the ground that the suit ought to have been filed by the decree-holder in a representative capacity to ensure for the benefit of general body of the creditors as contemplated by Section 53 of Transfer of Property Act. The defendant however, in the written statement categorically stated that the alienation was not in fraud of the creditors other than the plaintiff. In other words, the plaintiff was the sole creditor. Both the Courts below have decreed the suit holding that the alienation was in fraud of the creditors. It is not necessary for the purpose of this appeal to note that on an earlier occasion this matter had come up by way of second appeal No. 558 of 1966 and was remanded to the lower appellate court for fresh disposal ; suffice to note that both the courts below have now held that the alienation was in fraud of the creditors and accordingly decreed the suit.
(3.)It is not to the appellant in the Second Appeal to canvass the correctness of this concurrent finding of the Court below. So the main question that survives for consideration is whether the suit ought to have been filed in a representative capacity on behalf of the general body of creditors.
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