SHIVA NATH PRASAD Vs. STATE OF WEST BENGAL
LAWS(SC)-2006-2-73
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: CALCUTTA)
Decided on February 03,2006

SHIVA NATH PRASAD,V.GAURI SHANKER Appellant
VERSUS
STATE OF WEST BENGAL Respondents





Cited Judgements :-

AJAY PANDEY VS. STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH [LAWS(MPH)-2007-2-65] [REFERRED TO]
BAKSHISINGH SAHEL SINGH VS. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA [LAWS(BOM)-2008-5-6] [REFERRED TO]
ASOKE BASAK VS. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA [LAWS(SC)-2010-10-3] [REFERRED TO]
BANKEY BEHARI PUROHIT VS. STATE OF U P [LAWS(ALL)-2012-7-106] [REFERRED TO]
RAJENDRA SINGH LODHA VS. AJOY KUMAR NEWER AND ORS. [LAWS(CAL)-2007-10-64] [REFERRED TO]
IN THE GOODS OF SMT. PRIYAMVADA DEVI BIRLA (DEED.) KRISHNA KUMARBIRLA AND ORS. VS. REJENDRA SINGH LODHA AND ORS. [LAWS(CAL)-2006-12-74] [REFERRED TO]
VICKRAM BAHL AND ORS. VS. SIDDHARTHA BAHL AND ORS. [LAWS(DLH)-2020-4-50] [REFERRED TO]
PARAMRAJ SINGH UMRANANGAL VS. STATE OF PUNJAB [LAWS(P&H)-2021-3-28] [REFERRED TO]
GURDEEP SINGH VS. STATE OF PUNJAB [LAWS(P&H)-2021-4-34] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

Kapadia, J. - (1.)Leave granted.
(2.)These appeals are filed by accused Nos. 2 and 3 against the impugned judgment of the High Court of Calcutta refusing quashing of the process issued by the Chief Judicial Magistrate (CJM), Alipore in respect of alleged offences under sections 120-B/406/417/420 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
(3.)The undisputed facts are as follows : Madhav Prasad Birla (MPB) and Smt. Priyamvada Devi Birla (PDB) were one of the richest and the wealthiest couples who had no issues during their lifetime. MPB was one of the famous industrialists from the Birla family. The couple executed mutual Wills in 1981. In 1982, the couple executed mutual Wills revoking the earlier mutual Wills. In 1988, during their lifetime, Smt. Birla formed four trusts and MPB formed the fifth trust. These trusts, 5 in number, covered corporate assets. On 30th July 1990 MPB died. On 10-9-1990, Smt. Birla gave directions in respect of MP Birla Trust under clause 6(b) and made nominations of beneficiaries in respect of her four trusts under clause 7(a) of the trust deeds in favour of three named public charitable institutions, viz., Hindustan Medical Institution (HMI), East India Education Institution (EIEI) and MP Birla Foundation. In terms of the said nominations made after the demise of MPB, the assets of the five trusts estimated at Rs.2400 crores stood settled for the benefit of HMI, EIEI and MP Birla Foundation. However, on 15th April 1999 PDB purported to revoke all the five trusts (stood dissolved). On 18th April 1999, Smt. Birla executed her Will by which she bequeathed all her properties (including the estate of MPB) to accused No.1, R.S. Lodha and after him his son, the value of which is around Rs.2400 crores. Smt. Birla died on 3rd July 2004. R.S. Lodha was a trustee of MP Birla Foundation (one of the three public charitable institutions). He was also a trustee of HMI and EIEI prior to the dissolution of the five trusts w.e.f. 15-4-1999. Appellant herein, Shiva Nath Prasad, accused No.2 was also a trustee in the five trusts. Accused No.3, Dr. V.Gauri Shanker was a trustee in HMI, EIEI and MP Birla Foundation. He was also a trustee in three out of five mutual trusts referred to above.
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