MARUTI UDYOG LTD Vs. SUSHEEL KUMAR GABGOTRA
LAWS(SC)-2006-3-7
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: JAMMU & KASHMIR)
Decided on March 29,2006

MARUTI UDYOG LTD Appellant
VERSUS
SUSHEEL KUMAR GABGOTRA Respondents





Cited Judgements :-

GENERAL MOTORS INDIA PVT. LTD VS. MITALI AGGARWAL [LAWS(NCD)-2014-8-30] [REFERRED TO]
TATA MOTORS LTD. VS. M/S OBEROI MOTORS [LAWS(NCD)-2013-5-86] [REFERRED TO]
MARUTI UDYOG LTD. VS. ATUL BHARADWAJ & ANR. [LAWS(NCD)-2009-1-19] [REFERRED TO]
SATNAM SINGH VS. MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA LTD. [LAWS(NCD)-2014-7-81] [REFERRED TO]
TATA MOTORS LIMITED VS. ANTONIO PAULO VAZ [LAWS(SC)-2021-2-57] [REFERRED TO]
MALWA AUTOMOBILES PVT. LTD VS. SUNANDA SANGWAN [LAWS(NCD)-2013-9-40] [REFERRED TO]
SKODA AUTO VOLKSWAGEN INDIA P. LTD. VS. MEGHANA CORPORATES P. LIMITED [LAWS(NCD)-2020-6-59] [REFERRED TO]
MOMNA GAURI VS. REGIONAL MANAGER [LAWS(SC)-2013-9-123] [REFERRED TO]
MUVEEN AKTHAR KHAN VS. MALIK CARS [LAWS(APCDRC)-2009-7-8] [REFERRED TO]
ROYAL AUTOMOBILES VS. TRISHA SHARMA [LAWS(NCD)-2006-12-50] [REFERRED]
SUSHILA AUTOMOBILES PVT LTD VS. BIRENDRA NARAIN PRASAD DORANDA RANCHI JHARKHAND [LAWS(NCD)-2010-5-23] [REFERRED TO]
MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LTD VS. DR. KONERU SATYA KISHRE & ORS [LAWS(NCD)-2017-11-27] [REFERRED TO]
ROHIT MUKHERJEE VS. CHANCHAL BANERJEE [LAWS(NCD)-2019-11-96] [REFERRED TO]
MERCEDES-BENZ INDIA PVT. LTD. VS. NATWARLAL M. BADIANI [LAWS(NCD)-2017-9-13] [REFERRED TO]
M/S. JAYCEE AUTOMOBILES PVT. LTD. VS. RAJ KUMAR AHNIHOTRI & ANR. [LAWS(NCD)-2016-7-60] [REFERRED TO]
TATA MOTORS LTD. AND ANR. VS. DR. ANUJ PAUL MAINI AND ORS. [LAWS(NCD)-2014-2-95] [REFERRED TO]
ATUL AUTO LIMITED CORPORATE VS. DEVIDAS & ANR [LAWS(NCD)-2016-2-135] [REFERRED]
TATA MOTORS LTD. AND ANR. VS. RAVIKANT GARG [LAWS(NCD)-2013-5-137] [REFERRED TO]
MANDOVI MOTORS PVT. LTD VS. PRAVENCHANDRA SHETTY [LAWS(NCD)-2013-9-34] [REFERRED TO]
HINDUSTAN MOTORS LIMITED VS. LALITA TEWARI [LAWS(NCD)-2012-3-1] [REFERRED TO]
FIAT INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED VS. R C MAGOTRA & ANR [LAWS(J&KCDRC)-2007-4-1] [REFERRED TO]
M/S. NEW HOLLAND FIAT INDIA PVT. LTD. VS. NK. MOHAN LAL [LAWS(NCD)-2015-1-20] [REFERRED TO]
C N ANANTHARAM VS. FIAT INDIA LTD [LAWS(SC)-2010-11-48] [REFERRED TO]
SONY INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED VS. JATINDERA MITTAL [LAWS(UTRCDRC)-2010-9-2] [REFERRED TO]
MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LIMITED VS. RONALD DSILVA [LAWS(NCD)-2023-7-33] [REFERRED TO]
KRISHANPAL SINGH VS. TATA MOTORS LIMITED PASSENGER [LAWS(NCD)-2014-5-61] [REFERRED TO]
GEORGE THOMAS VS. MARUTI UDYOG LTD [LAWS(NCD)-2010-9-23] [REFERRED TO]
MANAGER, REGIONAL OFFICE, JOHN DEERE INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED VS. LAXMI NARAYAN PATEL & ANR. [LAWS(NCD)-2015-11-85] [REFERRED]
MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LIMITED VS. M. SHIVASHANKARAPPA [LAWS(NCD)-2019-12-13] [REFERRED TO]
MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA FARM VS. SUMIT KUMAR [LAWS(NCD)-2023-8-87] [REFERRED TO]
ESCORTS CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT LIMITED VS. RANYODH SINGH [LAWS(NCD)-2023-10-12] [REFERRED TO]
R C GROVER VS. TATA MOTORS LTD [LAWS(NCD)-2015-5-61] [REFERRED TO]
MARUTI UDYOG LTD VS. OM SAHAI BHATNAGAR [LAWS(NCD)-2007-7-75] [RELIED ON]
TATA MOTORS LIMITED THROUGH ITS REGIONAL MANAGER REGIONAL VS. SUNIL KUMAR [LAWS(NCD)-2012-4-5] [REFERRED TO]
M/S. SYDNEY & LYDON REALTORS & ASSOCIATES VS. M/S. GOA MOTORS PVT. LTD. [LAWS(NCD)-2012-9-102] [REFERRED TO]
TATA ENGINEERING & LOCOMOTIVE CO. LTD VS. SUBHASH AHUJA [LAWS(NCD)-2013-4-98] [REFERRED TO]
TELCO LTD. VS. BRIJMOHINI CHAUHAN [LAWS(NCD)-2022-10-69] [REFERRED TO]
MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA LTD TRACTOR DIVISION VS. NANDLAL & 3 ORS [LAWS(NCD)-2019-3-47] [REFERRED TO]
SPARROW ELECTRONICS LTD. 344,RAHEJA ARCADE , 1/1, KORAMANGALA INDL AREA, BANGALORE VS. WHITE FIELD MOTORS PVT. LTD. & ANR. THE MANAGER DIRECTOR, WHITE FIELD MOTORS PVT. LTD. 116, B. NARAYANAPURA DOOORVANINAGAR, WHITEFIELD ROAD, BANGALORE [LAWS(NCD)-2017-1-36] [REFERRED TO]
KAMALJIT SINGH VS. BROADWAY AUTO ENGINEERS AND ORS [LAWS(UTRCDRC)-2014-7-1] [REFERRED TO]
GANESH GAYATRI GRANITES, REPRESENTED BY K. RAVI KUMAR VS. L AND T KOMATSU LIMITED [LAWS(APCDRC)-2011-5-12] [REFERRED TO]
MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LIMITED VS. VIKAS KHATTAR [LAWS(NCD)-2022-9-97] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

- (1.)Challenge in this appeal is to the judgment rendered by a Division Bench of the J and K High Court at Jammu dismissing the appeal filed by the appellant under Section 17 of the Jandk Consumers Protection Act, 1988 (in short the 'act'). Challenge in the said appeal was to the order dated 9/11/1998 passed by the Jandk State consumer Redressal Commission (in short the commission') on a complaint filed by respondent no 1 In the complaint appellant and respondent no 2 were impleaded as the opposite parties
(2.)The factual background in a nutshell is as follows:-" (1) Respondent-complainant filed a compliant before the Commission seeking a direction to the appellant herein to take back the Maruti car back and repay an amount of Rs 1,97,460/37 being the cost of the car supplied to him, along with interest at the rate of 18 per cent with effect from 27/11/1996, as the car was defective He also sought compensation for the loss at his place of work and coaching charges approximately Rs 60,000. 00, Rs 1,00,000. 00 towards mental agony, physical deterioration and emotional stress, Rs 15,000. 00 for his trip to Karnal on the mistaken direction of the appellant and also Rs 2,500. 00 towards the costs of litigation and legal consultation. " (2) Respondent no 1 complainant had purchased a Maruti Car on 27 11 1996 from the appellant through its authorized dealer, respondent no 2 herein, on payment of rs 1,97,460/37 as sale price After delivery of the car, the complainant noticed that the clutch of the car was not functioning properly as it developed unusual noise/jerks on running of the engine The defect was brought to the notice of respondent no 2, whose engineer after examining the defect told the complainant that the clutch is behaving erratically because of the new engine and it will automatically adjust/become defect-free after covering some mileage but it did not happen that way and on the other hand problem increased He again reported to respondent no 2 whereupon he was assured that the defect will disappear after the first service which was done on 19/12/1996 But the defect continued The complainant again approached respondent no 2 and was told that the engine will have to be brought down to locate the trouble which the engineers failed to pin point The complainant objected to it as the defect had developed within the warranty period and approached the Head Office (Marketing) of the appellant at Gurgaon He wrote letter dated 19/2/1997 bringing to the appellant's notice about the inherent manufacturing defect in the car and requested for its replacement The appellant vide its letter dated 5/3/1997, advised the complainant to take the car to Modern Automobiles, Karnal for getting the needful done He took the car to Karnal on 10/3/1997 But the said concern did not test the vehicle on the ground that the same had been delivered by respondent no 2 who was responsible and can repair the vehicle The complainant came back to Jammu On 13/3/ 1997 the appellant conceded to have wrongly advised the complainant to take the car to karnal and asked him to again approach respondent no 2 at Jammu On 21/3/1997 mr H S Chahal Senior Engineer, Regional office Chandigarh, examined the car but the defect could not be removed which continued to give trouble The master was again reported to the appellant and the complainant again visited respondent no 2 on 17/4/1997 but had to return with persisting defect. On 21.4.1997 the complainant addressed a letter to the Chairman-cum-Managing director of the appellant-company about the manufacturing defect in the car sold to him and requested for its replacement. No reply to the said letter was received. The complainant suffered financial loss not only because of the callous and careless attitude of the appellant but also on account of the appellant having sold defective car to the complainant, defects whereof could not be removed thereby leaving him to face emotional stress, mental agony and to drive the defective car posing a risk to his life. With these grievances complainant approached the Commission. "" (3) Respondents filed their replies before the Commission stating therein that their obligation under the warranty was only to repair or replace any part found to be defective. The appellant and its authorized dealer (respondent no. 2) have attended to the vehicle during the warranty period free of charges and had carried out necessary repairs and replacement of the components on 21.3.1997 to the satisfaction of the complainant. The vehicle was again inspected on 29.5.1997 and the complainant was advised to leave the vehicle at the workshop of the dealer of the appellant at Jammu for inspection and carrying out necessary repairs to which the complainant did not agree. The correspondence between the parties has not been denied by the appellant and their dealer (respondent no. 2). The appellant has claimed that it is not under any obligation to take back the Maruti car or repay the sale price to the complainant. "" (4) The High Court held that the warranty condition relied upon by the appellant did not warrant interpretation that only the defective part was to be replaced and not the car itself. Reference was made to certain observations in the Corpus Juris secundrum Volume 77 page 1198. It was held that the booklet containing warranty clearly indicates promise of service and replacement with certain conditions. It was observed that the Commission was justified in its conclusion that the appellant had agreed to replace the vehicle and had admitted that there was manufacturing defect in the concerned part. Reliance was also placed on a decision of this Court in Tata engineering and Locomotive Co. Ltd. v. Gajanan Y. Mandrekar1. Therefore, the appellant was directed to replace the car or repay the amount received by it as sale price with interest @ 18% p. a. w. e. f. 27.11.1996 with costs awarded by the commission. "
(3.)In support of the appeal, learned counsel for the appellant submitted that both the commission and the High Court erred in holding that there was an admission to replace the car and/or admission of any manufacturing defect. The warranty condition clearly refers to the replacement of the defective part and not of the car. Observations made in the Corpus Juris Secundrum had been read out of context. It was stated that at the most the Commission and the high Court could have asked for the replacement of the defective part or to pay the cost thereof.


Click here to view full judgement.
Copyright © Regent Computronics Pvt.Ltd.