DOLPHIN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Vs. GAVS LABORATORIES PRIVATE LIMITED
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: DELHI)
GAVS LABORATORIES PRIVATE LIMITED
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(1.)This appeal is directed against the judgment of the division bench of the delhi High Court upholding the order of a learned single judge who, in exercise of his jurisdiction under the Companies Act (for short "the Act") , admitted an application for winding up and directed publication of the citation, on the basis of an application filed by the respondent under sections 433 and 439 of the Act, alleging therein that the appellant-company is unable to pay the debts. The appellant took the stand that the assertions in the application filed under section 433 of the Act is wholly incorrect. According to the appellant, the reasons given show why the alleged amount has not been paid is an accounting between the Russian supplier and the respondent and under the terms of agreement some commission was agreed to be paid ( ). The learned single judge, however, on examining the materials placed before him, came to the conclusion that a case for winding up has been made out in terms of section 433 read with section 434 (1) (a) of the Act and accordingly directed admission of petition and publicity of citation in question.
(2.)On an appeal being carried, the division bench came to the conclusion that the plea of the appellant that some amount was to be paid to M/s. Abhishek mercantile Ltd. as well as to the foreign buyer is nothing but an afterthought and on the materials adduced, it must be held that the company is unable to pay the debts in question. With this conclusion the appeal having been dismissed and the order of the learned single judge having been upheld, the present appeal has been preferred on special leave being granted.
(3.)Mr. P. N. Misra, learned senior counsel appearing for the appellant, vehemently contended that both the learned single judge as well as the division bench wholly misconstrued the provisions of section 433 (1) (e) of the Act and ordered the admission of petition when the company is having a running business and is making huge profits, as would appear from the balance-sheet of the two years that were produced and, therefore, mere allegation of nonpayment of the debts made by the respondent in the application filed under section 433 of the Companies act would not constitute the condition precedent under section 433 (1) (e) being satisfied and, therefore, the order in question is wholly erroneous. It is in this context it was further asserted that in the meantime, the respondent-company has filed a suit for recovery of the dues in question and that suit is pending in Delhi High Court. It was also brought to our notice that while granting leave this court has passed an interim order on 11th december, 1995 calling upon the appellant to furnish a bank guarantee to the tune of Rs. 8 lakhs pursuant to which a bank guarantee has been furnished and the same is continuing. Mr. Misra, urged that the respondent will in no way be prejudiced if the bank guarantee is permitted to be continued and the suit is directed to be disposed of wherein the respective liabilities of the parties can be adjudicated upon after the parties led evidence.
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