(1.)The appellant no. 1 herein is a public charitable trust established with the objects, inter alia, of running educational institutions. It is alleged that appellants have already running a Kannada medium high school and a junior college. There is a piece of land numbered as site no. 22 within the limits of bangalore Municipal Corporation. The said land vests in the Bangalore Development authority, hereinafter referred to as "the authority" constituted and established under the Bangalore Development Authority act, hereinafter referred to as "the Act". The said site falls within the comprehensive development plan. Civic amenity is defined under section 2 (bb) of the Act. The definition of civic amenities as originally stood runs as under:
"2 (Bb) Civic amenity means: - 1 - (iv) A centre for educational, religious, social or cultural activities or for philanthropic service run by a cooperative society registered under the Karnataka Co-operative Societies act, 1959 (Karnataka Act 11 of 1959) or a society registered under the Karnataka societies Registration Act, 1960 (Karnataka Act 17 of 1960) or by a trust created wholly for charitable, educational or religious purposes".
(2.)Subsequently, the said definition of civic amenity was amended by The Bangalore development Authority (Amendment) Act, 1988 which runs as under :
"Civic amenity means:- (i) a market, a post office, a telephone exchange, a bank, a fair price shop, a milk booth, a school, a dispensary, a hospital, a pathological laboratory, a maternity home, a child care centre, a library, a gymnasium, a bus stand or a bus depot; (ii) a recreation centre run by the government or the corporation. (iii) a centre for educational, social or cultural activities established by the central government or the state government or by a body established by the central government or the state government; (iv) A centre for educational, religious, social or cultural activities or for philanthropic service run by a cooperative society registered under the Karnataka Cooperative Societies act, 1959 (Karnataka Act 11 of 1959) or a society registered under the Karnataka Societies Registration Act, 1960 (Karnataka Act 17 of 1960) or by a trust created wholly for charitable, educational or religious purposes; (v) a police station, an area office or a service station of the corporation or the Bangalore water supply and sewerage board or the karnataka electricity board; and (vi) such other amenity as the government may, by notification, specify".
(3.)By the said amendment, the definition of civic amenity was enlarged and also included educational, social or cultural activities run by a trust which is wholly charitable, educational or religious purposes. In between time, the appellant herein applied to the authority for allotment of the aforesaid site in its favour for setting up a kannada primary school and junior college. The authority, after having found that the requirement of the appellant is bona fide and is for educational purposes, it granted the lease of the said land in favour of the appellant for a period of 30 years. After the land was leased out to the appellants, respondent no. 1 -RPC layout residents welfare association filed a public interest litigation by means of a petition before the karnataka High Court challenging the allotment of the aforesaid plot of land in favour of the appellant. While the said public interest litigation was pending, the Karnataka legislature by amending Act 18 of 1991 amended the Act. By clause 2 of the amending Act original section 38a was substituted by new section 38a and by clause 3 of the said amending Act all allotments made or action taken by the authority were validated. Clauses 2 and 3 of the amending Act run as under:
"38A, Grant of area reserved for civic amenities etc. (1) The authority shall have the power to lease, sell or otherwise transfer any area reserved for civic amenities for the purpose for which such area is reserved. (2) The authority shall not sell or otherwise dispose of any area reserved for public parks and playgrounds and civic amenities, for any other purposes and any disposition so made shall be null and void. Provided that where the allottee commits breach of any of the conditions of allotment, the authority shall have right to resume such site after affording an opportunity of being heard to such allottee".
"3) Validation of allotment of civic amenity sites:- notwithstanding anything contained in any law or Judgement decree or order of any court or other authority, any allotment of civic amenity site by way of sale lease or otherwise made by the authority after the twenty first day of april 1984 and before the seventh day of May 1988 for the purposes specified in clauses (bb) of section 2 of the principal Act, shall if such site has been made use of for the purpose for which it is allotted be deemed to have been validly made and shall, have effect for all purposes as if it had been made under the principal Act as amended by this Act and accordingly:- (i) all acts or proceedings or things done or allotment made or action taken by the authority shall for all purposes be deemed to be and to have always been done or taken in accordance with law. "