HANMANTU NAGAPPA JOGLEKAR Vs. STATE OF MAHARASHTRA
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
HANMANTU NAGAPPA JOGLEKAR
STATE OF MAHARASHTRA
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(1.)Seven persons were charged-sheeted for offences punishable under section 302 and section 326 read with section 34 of the IPC. However, the trial court after trial held that five of the accused were not guilty of the offences for which they were charged and acquitted them and convicted only accused no. 1 - Sangappa Berre and accused no 2 - Hanmantu Nagappa joglekar for the offence punishable under section 302 read with section 34 of the ipc and sentenced each of them to suffer life imprisonment with some amount of fine. Further they were found guilty for the commitment of the offence punishable under section 326 read with section 34 of the IPC and they were given different sentences.
(2.)In appeal, the High Court took the view that the conviction of accused no. 2 - hanmantu Nagappa Joglekar, i. e. appellant herein (hereinafter referred to as the appellant) has to be changed from section 302 read with section 34 IPC to section 302 read with section 114 IPC and the High Court set aside the conviction under section 326 read with section 34 IPC and accordingly modified the sentences.
(3.)In this appeal by accused no. 2, it is urged that the evidence adduced before the court in so far as the role played by him was through the depositions of ambadas (PW5) , Shiv Raj (PW6) , janardhan (PW7) and Hanmayya (PW10). Ambadas (PW5) stated that at about 3.45 to 4. 00 p. m. on 5.8.1990, he and his maternal uncle, mother, grand father and grand mother were at their house. At that time Sangappa Berre, accused no. 1, anand and Miland came there and started abusing them. Then his maternal uncle asked them not to abuse and at that stage the appellant came there and "instigated sangappa Berre to beat them and said he would see if anything happens". Identical to that effect was a statement made by pw 6 and PW 7. But their version before the police did not contain the statement that the appellant had instigated accused no. 1 to beat them and that he would take care if anything happens. The learned counsel, therefore, characterized that part of the evidence as an improvement made in the course of evidence tendered by them before the court. He further submitted that only the person who stated that the appellant had instigated Sangappa berre to beat them was Ambadas and none else. Further, summarising the evidence to which we have adverted to above the trial court noted as follows:
"This section embodies the principle of joint liability in doing of a criminal act and essence of that liability is the existence of common intention. If we consider the prosecution evidence, it will go to show from the conduct and the circumstances of the case, that the accused nos. 1 and 2 had common intention to commit the murder of shantabai. Further the common intention also can be gathered from the circumstances of the prosecution case i. e. the weapon used by the accused. The part chosen by him for giving the blows and the consequential result of these two things is death. Therefore having regard to the injuries sustained by the deceased shantabai, it makes clear that the accused nos. 1 and 2 had common intention to kill Shantabai. "and thus concluded that they had intention to cause injuries to deceased shantabai with a common intention to kill her and proceeded to convict them as stated earlier. The High Court after adverting to the evidence noticed as follows:
"If the infliction of wounds by a deadly weapon on the person of these two persons is established, the offender would be guilty under section 324 and not 326. Similarly, the instigator if this instigation be established would be guilty under section 324 read with 114 of the IPC. The learned trial judge has wrongly applied section 34 IPC which requires a participation by the offenders in an act which is done in furtherance of a common intention shared by all of them. Here accused no. 2 had merely given a word-of-mouth encouragement or instigation to accused no. 1 to do what he did vis-a-vis the victims. This would constitute abatement by an act of instigation as contemplated by section 107 of the ipc. "and therefore, took the view that accused no. 2 would be guilty of offences under section 302 read with 114 of the IPC and section 324 read with section 114 IPC.
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