MOHAMMAD SHAHNAWAZ AKHTAR Vs. IST ADJ VARANASI
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
Cited Judgements :-
DEPOT MANAGER A P S R T C PARVATHIPURAM VS. D VYKUNTARAO
DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF PROH AND EXISE KARIMNAGAR A P VS. CHINDURA MUTHAIAH AND CO
T SRINIVAS VS. INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE
T SRINIVAS VS. INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE
ANNALAKSHMI VS. DISTRICT REVENUE OFFICER TRICHY
A RAVI VS. CHAIRMAN
DHANESWAR MALLICK VS. NARAYAN BEHERA
GENERAL MANAGER PUNJAB ROADWAYS VS. JARNAIL SINGH
RITU GUPTA VS. FINANCIAL COMMISSIONER, HARYANA
PREM KUMARI VS. COMMISSIONER AND SECRETARY, REHABILITATION DEPARTMENT, CHANDIGARH
GULZAR SINGH VS. JOINT DIRECTOR, PANCHAYATS
BIJAY SINGH VS. FINANCIAL COMMISSIONER REVENUE AND SECRETARY TO GOVERNMENT
BIRLA SUN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY LIMITED VS. INSURANCE OMBUDSMAN
KRISHNA MOHAN MAHROTRA VS. ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE COURT NO LAKHIMPUR KHERI
VIJAY KUMAR UPADHYAY VS. ADJ LUCKNOW
VENKATAGIRIYAIAH VS. SHIVALINGAMMA
M SREEDHAR VS. A P CO OPERATIVE TRIBUNAL
MOHAMMAD JAMIL KHAN VS. ADDL. DISTRICT JUDGE, UNNAO AND OTHERS
VASHRAM HARIBHAI MAHIDA VS. STATE OF GUJARAT & OTHER
THE SONEPAT CENTRAL COOPERATIVE BANK LIMITED VS. THE PRESIDING OFFICER, INDUSTRIAL TRIBUNAL
DIVISIONAL FOREST OFFICER SIRSA VS. JAGDISH
V.R. COLLEGE, NELLORE, REP. BY ITS SECRETARY & CORRESPONDENT SRI ANAM VIVEKANANDA REDDY VS. THE PROVIDENT FUND APPELLATE TRIBUNAL, NEW DELHI, REP. BY ITS REGISTRAR, AND OTHERS
THE DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND WOMEN & CHILD DEVELOPMENT PUNJAB, AND ANOTHER VS. SMT. SHEEDO DEVI AND ANOTHER
ASHOK JAGANNATH CHODANKAR VS. JAYRAM RAMCHANDRA SIRSAT
DR. SHRADDHA AGRAWAL VS. THE STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH
V R COLLEGE, NELLORE, REP BY ITS SECRETARY & CORRESPONDENT ANAM VIVEKANANDA REDDY VS. PROVIDENT FUND APPELLATE TRIBUNAL, NEW DELHI, REP BY ITS REGISTRAR, AND OTHERS
BASANT KUMAR SAHOO VS. NRUSINGHA SAMAL
ABAD DAIRY DUDH VITRAN KENDRA SANCHALAK MANDAL VS. ABAD DAIRY & ANR.
CHIEF ENGINEER-THERMAL POWER STATION,GEB VS. WORKMEN REPRESENTED BY BIJLEE MAZDOOR PANCHAYAT
MAHENDRA KUMAR JAIN VS. APPELLATE RENT TRIBUNAL
ALLAHABAD BANK VS. PRESIDING OFFICER, CENTRAL GOVERNMENT INDUSTRIAL TRIBUNAL
UNITED SPIRITS LIMITED VS. IDBI BANK LIMITED
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(1.)This appeal is directed against an order dated 30. 4.1997 by which the High court has allowed the writ petition filed by respondent no. 4 herein.
(2.)Briefly stated the facts are as follows: the appellant who is the landlord of the premises filed a suit for eviction of respondent no. 4 from shop no. D-50/128 situated in Mohalla Kajipura Kala, Nai sarak, Varanasi city. The suit was filed on various grounds. One of the grounds was that the 4th respondent had sublet the premises to other parties. The trial court decreed the suit on this ground. The revision filed by the 4th respondent was dismissed. The respondent then filed a writ petition under Article 226 of the constitution.
(3.)At this stage, the limits of jurisdiction of the High Court in issuing a writ of certiorari under Article 226 of the constitution needs to be kept in mind. It has been held by a constitution bench of this Court in the case of Syed Yakoob v. K. S. Radhakrishnan and Ors. as follows:
"The question about the limits of the jurisdiction of High Courts in issuing a writ of certiorari under Article 226 has been frequently considered by this Court and the true legal position in that behalf is no longer in doubt. A writ of certiorari can be issued for correcting errors of jurisdiction committed by inferior courts or tribunals; these are cases where orders are passed by inferior courts or tribunals without jurisdiction, or in excess of it, or as a result of failure to exercise jurisdictions. A writ can similarly be issued where in exercise of jurisdiction conferred on it, the court or tribunal acts illegally or improperly, as for instance, it decides a question without giving an opportunity to be heard to the party affected by the order, or where the procedure adopted in dealing with the dispute is opposed to principles of natural justice. There is, however, no doubt that the jurisdiction to issue a writ of certiorari is a supervisory jurisdiction and the court exercising it is not entitled to act as an appellate court. This limitation necessarily means that findings of fact reached by the inferior court or tribunal as a result of the appreciation of evidence cannot be reopened or questioned in writ proceedings. An error of law which is apparent on the face of the record can be corrected by a writ, but not an error of fact, however, grave it may appear to be. In regard to a finding of fact recorded by the tribunal, a writ of certiorari can be issued if it is shown that in recording the said finding, the tribunal had erroneously refused to admit admissible and material evidence, or had erroneously admitted inadmissible evidence which has influenced the impugned finding. Similarly if a finding of fact is based on no evidence, that would be regarded as an error of law which can be corrected by a writ of certiorari. In dealing with this category of cases, however, we must always bear in mind that a finding of fact recorded by the tribunal cannot be challenged in proceedings for a writ of certiorari on the ground that the relevant and material evidence adduced before the tribunal was insufficient or inadequate to sustain the impugned finding. The adequacy or insufficiency of evidence led on a point and the inference of fact to be drawn from the said finding are within the exclusive jurisdiction of the tribunal, and the said points cannot be agitated before a writ court. It is within these limits that the jurisdiction conferred on the High Courts under Article 226 to issue a writ of certiorari can be legitimately exercised. "
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