GURBAX SINGH Vs. KARTAR SINGH
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
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(1.)Heard the learned counsel for the petitioner.
(2.)Jarnail Singh, respondent No. 2, executed two documents of sale (Exs. P-2 and D-1) on November 25, 1991. Having regard to the findings of the Courts below that Ex. P-2 was executed earlier than Ex. D-1 and having noted that Ex. P-2 in favour of the first respondent was executed at 10.00 a.m. and it was not shown when Ex. D-1 was executed in favour of the petitioner, the High Court, vide its order dated October 25, 2001, in RSA No. 4050 of 1999 confirmed the concurrent finding of the Courts below holding that Ex. P-2 prevails over Ex. D-1 and thus dismissed the second appeal. It is against the said order that this Special Leave Petition is filed.
(3.)In view of the provisions of S. 47 of the Registration Act, 1908 it is well settled that a document on subsequent registration will take effect from the time when it was executed and not from the time of its registration. Where two documents are executed on the same day, the time of their execution would determine the priority irrespective of the time of their registration. The one which is executed earlier in time will prevail over the other executed subsequently. In view of the concurrent findings, referred to above, the High Court has rightly held that Ex. P-2 prevails over Ex. D-1. We find no illegality in the order of the High Court warranting our interference under Art. 136 of the Constitution of India. Accordingly, the Special Leave Petition is dismissed.
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