JASWANTLAL NATVARLAL THAKKAR Vs. SUSHILABEN MANILAL DANGARWALA
LAWS(SC)-1990-12-59
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: GUJARAT)
Decided on December 07,1990

JASWANTLAL NATVARLAL THAKKAR Appellant
VERSUS
SUSHILABEN MANILAL DANGARWALA Respondents


Cited Judgements :-

P VENKATACHALAPATHI VS. G JAYARAMALAH [LAWS(APH)-1996-8-133] [REFERRED TO]
SAHEB KHAN VS. MOHD YOUSUFUDDIN [LAWS(SC)-2006-4-2] [REFERRED TO]
SUBAIDA EBRAHIM VS. MOOSA [LAWS(KER)-2022-6-115] [REFERRED TO]
ACHUTHA PRABHU VS. VIJAYA BANK MANI BRANCH BANTWAL TALUK DAKSHINA KANNADA [LAWS(KAR)-2005-2-39] [REFERRED TO]
AUTHORISED OFFICER STATE BANK OF INDIA 7 VS. R KRISHNASAMY [LAWS(MAD)-2011-12-110] [REFERRED TO]
DHANALAKSHMI BANK LTD VS. DIVAKARAN [LAWS(KER)-1999-11-70] [REFERRED TO]
RAMAJEYAM LORRY AGENCY VS. V B GIRI [LAWS(MAD)-1998-8-119] [REFERRED TO]
CHILAMKURTI BALA SUBRAHMANYAM VS. SAMANTHAPUDI VIJAYA LAKSHMI [LAWS(SC)-2017-5-4] [REFERRED TO]
SATYANARAYAN RATHI S/O LATE RATANLAL RATHI & OTHERS VS. STATE BANK OF INDIA, SME INDUSTRIAL FINANCE BRANCH [LAWS(MPH)-2018-7-42] [REFERRED TO]
YUSUF KUNJU THAJUDEEN VS. PADMANABHARY NARAYANARU AND ORS. [LAWS(KER)-1994-12-44] [REFERRED TO]
H P FINANCIAL CORPORATION VS. HIMACHAL SHODDY MILLS LIMITED [LAWS(HPH)-1998-9-2] [REFERRED TO]
GLENCORE GRAIN ROTTERDAM B V VS. SHIVNATH RAI HARNARAIN I CO [LAWS(DLH)-2011-5-266] [REFERRED TO]
MAHENDER VS. D. VENKAT REDDY AND ORS. [LAWS(APH)-2015-8-25] [REFERRED TO]
C C SIVAPRASAD VS. K SASIDHARAN [LAWS(KER)-2006-1-20] [REFERRED TO]
SURESH NARAYAN REGE VS. THE SARASWAT COOP. BANK LTD. AND ORS. [LAWS(BOM)-2015-8-67] [REFERRED TO]
SAJU GEORGE VS. THOMAS [LAWS(KER)-2008-7-104] [REFERRED TO]
K V ANTONY VS. CATHOLIC SYRIAN BANK LTD [LAWS(KER)-1994-7-43] [FOLLOWED ON]
TATA IRON AND STEEL CO LTD VS. JHALANI TOOLS INDIA LTD [LAWS(DLH)-2009-1-74] [REFERRED TO]
STATE BANK OF INDIA VS. HONBLE DEBTS RECOVERY APPELLATE TRIBUNAL [LAWS(DLH)-2010-2-20] [REFERRED TO]
KUSUM KUMRIA VS. PHARMA VENTURE(INDIA) PVT LTD [LAWS(DLH)-2013-10-79] [REFERRED TO]
N R SADASIVAM VS. INDIAN BANK [LAWS(MAD)-2012-12-240] [REFERRED TO]
SAJU GEORGE VS. THOMAS [LAWS(KER)-2007-7-81] [REFERRED TO]
K MUNEMMA VS. J VEERABHADRAIAH [LAWS(APH)-1996-8-101] [REFERRED TO]
BABU JOHN VS. A.K. RAMAKRISHNAN AND ORS. [LAWS(KER)-2016-3-49] [REFERRED TO]
SHARMA RICE MILLS VS. ZIMIDARA FRIENDS TRADERS [LAWS(P&H)-1992-2-146] [REFERRED TO]
GOVIND VITHAL VELGUENCAR VS. VISHNUM GOPAL VELGUENCAR [LAWS(BOM)-1996-6-50] [REFERRED TO]
MOHINIHARDAYAL SINGH VS. PUNJAB AND SIND BANK AND OTHERS [LAWS(MPH)-2009-6-69] [REFERRED TO]
WASAN REALTORS PVT LTD VS. OFFICIAL LIQUIDATOR OF MELTRON SEMCONDUCTORS LTD [LAWS(BOM)-2009-7-86] [REFERRED TO]
RAMAPPAALAGOUDA PADDI VS. SOLABAYYA SHIDDAYYA GUGIKOLLAMATH [LAWS(KAR)-1996-6-9] [FOLLOWED ON]
SAMEER ENGINEERING WORKS VS. DISTRICT COLLECTOR [LAWS(GJH)-2003-9-64] [REFERRED]
SAMEER ENGINEERING WORKS VS. DISTRICT COLLECTOR [LAWS(GJH)-2004-10-39] [REFERRED TO]
PATEL DWARKADAS K VS. STATE OF GUJARAT [LAWS(GJH)-2001-3-72] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

- (1.)The appellant has preferred this appeal from the order of the Gujarat High Court in L.P.A. No. 297 of 1974. The Division Bench of the High Court, by the said order, confirmed an order of the learned single Judge who had, in turn, confirmed an order passed by the executing court rejecting the appellant's application under 0. 21, R. 90 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The question which engaged the attention of the learned single Judge as well as the Division Bench was primarily the question as to whether the appellant was entitled to maintain the application under 0. 21, R. 90 in view of the fact that a petition for adjudicating him an insolvent had been preferred and had subsequently been ordered. The application filed by the appellant under 0. 21, R. 90 was dated 27-8-69 on which date there was no order of adjudication against him. However, an insolvency petition had been preferred against him on 24-6-68 and the adjudication order was passed on 7-8-80. The High Court has taken the view that the order of adjudication relates back to the date of the presentation of the insolvency petition and that the effect thereof was to take away the petitioner's locus standi to maintain an application under O. 21, R. 90. According to the High Court, such an application could, if at all, have been presented only by the Official Receiver. In coming to this conclusion, the Gujarat High Court followed certain earlier decisions of the Bombay High Court and dissented from a contrary view taken by the Madras High Court in a number of decisions of that Court. Mr. Dholakia, learned counsel for the appellant sought to urge before us that the Madras view is preferable to the Bombay view and that we should accordingly allow the appeal.
(2.)We, however, find it unnecessary to go into this question because the courts have also gone into application under 0. 21, R. 90 on it merits. Though the Division Bench did not express any specific and clear view, the learned single Judge as well as the executing court took a concurrent view in this matter and rejected the application on merits. We have examined all the circumstances and come to the conclusion that there was no material irregularity or illegality which vitiated the impugned sale in terms of the provisions of O. 21, R. 20, as applicable in Gujarat jurisdiction.
(3.)Mr. Dholakia submitted before . us that, in this case, the property had been purchased at the court auction by the decree holders. For effecting this purchase, the decree holders had applied to the court for permission under O. 21, R. 72 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The executing court gave the decree holders permission not only to bid the auction but also to bid at a price equivalent to 80 per cent of the upset price that had been fixed earlier for the auction and this had been done without any notice to the petitioner. Mr. Dholakia contended that this constitutes a material irregularity which vitiated the sale. The High Court took the view that a notice- to the judgment debtor was not mandatory under O. 21, R. 72. Learned counsel, however, invited our attention to the decision of the Madras High Court in G. Subramania Mudaliar v. The Ideal Finance Corporation, Partnership Firm, AIR 1977 Madras 358 and of the Andhra High Court in Puttaparatti Atchamma v. T. Bayanna, AIR 1969 AP 196 and submitted that a notice to the judgment debtor is necessary before permission is granted under O. 21, R. 72 particularly when the upset price is proposed to be reduced. We are inclined to agree with this submission of the learned counsel but this will not solve the problem of the appellant. For, under O. 21, R. 90 it is not sufficient for the appellant to contend that there was an illegality or irregularity in the conduct of the sale; he must also prove by adducing sufficient facts that some substantial injury has been caused to the petitioner as a result of the order under O. 2 1, R.72 having been passed without such notice.We have been taken through the relevant facts indetail by Sri Dholakia but we are unable to find any such overwhelming circumstances as can enable us to hold that this irregularity was such as has caused substantial injury to the appellant within the meaning of the rule in the circumstances' of the case.
;


Click here to view full judgement.
Copyright © Regent Computronics Pvt.Ltd.