Kuldip Singh, J. -
(1.)The Vijay Cotton and Oil Mills Ltd. was the owner of 6 acres 38/1/2 Gunthas of land situated on the Bhachau-Rahapar Road in Kutch District. On November 19, 1949 the Government of Kutch took possession of the said land under an arrangement that the Government would give to the owner in exchange suitable land of equal value. The Government constructed on the land, a State Guest House and a CourtHouse. Thereafter the Government did not give any other land in exchange and instead decided to acquire the same. On February, 1 1955 the Government issued a notification under S. 6(1) of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (hereinafter called 'the Act) declaring that the land was needed for public purpose. The Collector awarded Rs. 5,075.44 rip as compensation. Feeling dissatisfied , the claimant asked the Collector to make a reference to the Court under S. 18 of the Act which was done. The learned District Judge found that the claimant was entitled to compensation on the basis of the market value of the land on the date of notification under S. 6 of the Act. He determined the same at the rate of Rs. 3 / - per square yard. He also awarded solatium at the rate of 15% and interest at 6% from February 1, 1955. The State preferred an appeal against the award of the District Judge before the High Court.
(2.)The High Court came to the conclusio that the compensation under the Act could only be determined on the basis of the market value of the land on the date of the notification under S. 4(1) of the Act and since no such notification was issued it was not possible to determine the amount of compensation payable under the Act. The claimant, after obtaining a certificate from the High Court, filed civil appeal in this Court. Taking into consideration the scheme of the Act this Court held that the notification dated February 1, 1955 issued under S. 6 of the Act could be treated as a composite notification under S. 4(1) and S. 6(1) of the Act and the District Judge could lawfully award the market value of the land on that day. The matter was, thus, remanded to the High Court for disposal on merit.
(3.)There were two questions for consideration before the High Court. Whether the compensation awarded by the learned District Judge at the rate of Rs.3/-persquare yard was wrong and if so to what extent. The second question was raised by the claimant wherein he claimed interest on the compensation amount from November 19, 1949 instead of February 1, 1955 as awarded by the District Judge. He contended that under Ss. 34 and 28 of the Act he was entitled to interest from the date the possession of the land was taken over from him.