KARTAR SINGH Vs. HARJINDER SINGH
LAWS(SC)-1990-2-41
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: PUNJAB & HARYANA)
Decided on February 21,1990

KARTAR SINGH Appellant
VERSUS
HARJINDER SINGH Respondents


Cited Judgements :-

S K GUPTA VS. ASHOK MALHOTRA [LAWS(DLH)-1995-5-81] [REFERRED TO]
S K GUPTA VS. ASHOK MALHOTRA [LAWS(DLH)-1995-5-59] [REFERRED]
NAMRITA KALRA VS. RAM SWAROOP [LAWS(DLH)-2000-12-19] [REFERRED]
JAMNA DASS VS. CHIMAN [LAWS(DLH)-2006-5-243] [REFERRED TO]
ARUN BATRA VS. BIMLA DEVI THRU LRS [LAWS(DLH)-2010-7-64] [REFERRED TO]
ARUN BATRA VS. BIMAL DEVI THRU [LAWS(DLH)-2010-7-422] [REFERRED TO]
SAVITRI DEVI VS. CIVIL JUDGE SENIOR DIVISION GORAKHPUR [LAWS(ALL)-2003-3-118] [REFERRED TO]
BABULLI VS. HAMIDUL BIBI [LAWS(ALL)-2009-4-703] [REFERRED TO]
S NAGULAL RAO VS. M JAYARAMAIAH [LAWS(APH)-1996-2-107] [REFERRED TO]
S NAGULAL RAO VS. MEDAM JAYARAMIAH [LAWS(APH)-1996-2-98] [REFERRED TO]
A R SETHU RAO VS. D BHEEMESHWARA RAO [LAWS(APH)-1996-4-7] [REFERRED TO]
RAMANIVAS GUPTA VS. MALIRAM [LAWS(APH)-2002-3-121] [REFERRED TO]
EMANI KRISHNA RAO VS. VIJAYA CHITRA FILMS [LAWS(APH)-2002-6-23] [REFERRED TO]
KALIPATNAPU ATCHUTAMMA VS. KOMMANA SAMBAMURTHY DIED [LAWS(APH)-2002-12-145] [REFERRED TO]
PERI BHASKARARAO VS. SATHI ADILAKSHMI [LAWS(APH)-2005-8-90] [REFERRED TO]
D RAMA MURTHY VS. LAKKARAJU LALITHAMMA [LAWS(APH)-2006-9-17] [REFERRED TO]
HARI VASUDEVA SARMA VS. HARI NAGA SRI VENKATA KRISHNA MURTHY [LAWS(APH)-2007-8-81] [REFERRED TO]
P A K A SHAHUL HAMID VS. A ABDUL RASHID KHAN DIED [LAWS(MAD)-1991-8-42] [REFERRED TO]
P ALAGESAN VS. A MARIADAS [LAWS(MAD)-1993-1-62] [REFERRED TO]
K KRISHNAN NAIR VS. K PARAMESWARAN PILLAI DIED [LAWS(MAD)-1993-8-58] [REFERRED TO]
K S KRISHAN VS. KRISHNAN [LAWS(KER)-1992-10-2] [REFERRED TO]
ANITHA VAZ VS. M RANGAPPA [LAWS(KAR)-2007-8-45] [REFERRED TO]
GAJARA VISHNU GOSAVI VS. PRAKASH NANASAHED KAMBLE [LAWS(SC)-2009-9-19] [REFERRED TO]
SURINDER SINGH VS. KAPOOR SINGH [LAWS(SC)-2005-5-40] [REFERRED TO]
SURINDER SINGH VS. KAPOOR SINGH [LAWS(SC)-2001-9-4] [REFERRED TO]
P C VARGHESE VS. DEVAKI AMMA BALAMBIKA DEVI [LAWS(SC)-2005-10-88] [REFERRED TO]
KAMMANA SAMBAMURTHY VS. KALIPATNAPU ATCHUTAMMA [LAWS(SC)-2010-10-43] [REFERRED TO]
KRISHNA SWEET HOUSE VS. GURBHEJ SINGH ALIAS HAPPY [LAWS(DLH)-2012-4-353] [REFERRED TO]
SHYAM SUNDAR SHARMA VS. SURESH SHARMA [LAWS(CAL)-2009-1-32] [REFERRED TO]
KRISHNA VS. K S KRISHNA [LAWS(KER)-2003-6-17] [REFERRED TO]
SABIRHUSEN YUSUFBHAI VS. REVA WD O FULCHAND HARILAL [LAWS(GJH)-1998-11-71] [REFERRED]
PREM KUMARI AGARWAL VS. STATE OF U P THROUGH SECRETARY AVAS AVEM NAGAR VIKAS VIB HAG NAGAR BHUMI ANUB HAG LUCKNOW [LAWS(ALL)-2010-2-144] [REFERRED TO]
G NAGESHWARARAO VS. VEERAPANDI S AMMUGHAM [LAWS(MAD)-1999-7-85] [REFERRED TO]
LEELA RAGHAVAN VS. ZACHERIA [LAWS(MAD)-2000-3-96] [REFERRED TO]
GOVIND DAS PURUSHOTHAM DAS VS. SHAW WALLACE AND CO LTD [LAWS(MAD)-2000-4-62] [REFERRED TO]
ZOHRA VS. M SUBRAYA BHAT [LAWS(KER)-2011-6-181] [REFERRED TO]
GOPAL RAMVILAS GATTANI VS. SHESHRAO PUNDLIK HIVARKAR [LAWS(BOM)-2008-6-111] [REFERRED TO]
SHRIKRISHNA DANUJI SONONE VS. VITTHAL ALIAS SHANKAR BAJRE [LAWS(BOM)-2009-12-36] [REFERRED TO]
NARAYANAN VS. KUPPAN [LAWS(MAD)-2011-4-78] [REFERRED TO]
A S M BALASUBRAMANIAN VS. S P SWAMINATHAN [LAWS(MAD)-2012-3-156] [REFERRED TO]
KAPOOR SINGH VS. SURINDER SINGH [LAWS(P&H)-1992-12-48] [REFERRED TO]
KARAM SINGH KAMBOJ VS. HARBANS SINGH [LAWS(P&H)-1997-9-72] [REFERRED TO]
SAITUN NISA VS. TRILOKI VISHWAKARMA ALIAS TRILOKI MISTRI [LAWS(PAT)-1997-8-69] [REFERRED TO]
BALKAR SINGH VS. MOHABAT SINGH [LAWS(P&H)-2003-8-20] [RELIED ON]
GOPAL DASS VS. KHAN CHAND [LAWS(P&H)-2005-11-3] [REFERRED TO]
KRISHNA DEY VS. SARITA DOKANIA [LAWS(PAT)-2011-1-66] [REFERRED TO]
AMRIK SINGH VS. JAGJIT SINGH SAYAL [LAWS(P&H)-2008-12-112] [REFERRED TO]
ANDANUR RAJASHEKAR VS. VASAVI INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES [LAWS(KAR)-2006-4-57] [REFERRED TO]
RAM DASS VS. SHISHA SINGH [LAWS(P&H)-2001-4-52] [REFERRED TO]
PAWAN KUMAR DUTT VS. SHAKUNTALA DEVI [LAWS(SC)-2003-8-133] [REFERRED TO]
MOHINDER SINGH VS. GULJIT SINGH [LAWS(P&H)-2000-2-87] [REFERRED TO]
PONNAMMAL VS. M.HARIKRISHNAN [LAWS(MAD)-2013-6-204] [REFERRED TO]
JAGDISH RAM VS. VISHWAMITTER [LAWS(HPH)-2012-7-289] [REFERRED TO]
SOHAN SINGH VS. AVTAR SINGH [LAWS(RAJ)-2014-10-28] [REFERRED TO]
GULZAR SINGH VS. JULPHAN AND ORS. [LAWS(P&H)-2009-5-173] [REFERRED TO]
HARI KRISHAN KAROL VS. SURINDER KUMAR [LAWS(HPH)-2014-11-130] [REFERRED TO]
CANARA BANK VS. K.L. RAJGARHIA [LAWS(DLH)-2009-2-222] [REFERRED TO]
HANUMAPPA CHANNAPPA HULLUR VS. SHIVAMARUTHAPPA PARAPPA KALLI AND ORS. [LAWS(SC)-2015-8-55] [REFERRED TO]
SAHEBRAO PUNDLIKRAO VIDHALE AND ORS. VS. HARISHKUMAR HANUMANDAS MALPANI [LAWS(BOM)-2015-9-2] [REFERRED TO]
RAM DASS AND OTHERS VS. SHISHA SINGH AND OTHERS [LAWS(P&H)-2001-5-153] [REFERRED TO]
JANMAJOY PUROHIT VS. SHANKARSAN KALO AND ORS. [LAWS(ORI)-2008-11-66] [REFERRED TO]
K.V. GOVINDARAJU AND ORS. VS. KRISHNAMACHARE AND ORS. [LAWS(KAR)-2016-1-124] [REFERRED TO]
DILIP KUMAR SARKAR VS. SK. ABDUL MALEQUE [LAWS(CAL)-1990-7-34] [REFERRED TO]
SYSCON CONSULTANTS P. LTD. VS. M/S PRIMELLA SANITARY PROD. P. LTD. AND OTHERS [LAWS(SC)-2016-9-26] [REFERRED TO]
RAMASWAMY VS. S. VENUGOPAL AND OTHERS [LAWS(MAD)-1996-8-126] [REFERRED TO]
PRIMELLA SANITARY PRODUCTS PVT LTD VS. GURUDAS VISHWANATH SINAI GAITONDE [LAWS(BOM)-2010-8-264] [REFERRED]
UDAI KANTE VS. RAMBHAROSILAL AGRAWAL (DEAD) [LAWS(MPH)-2013-3-277] [REFERRED]
ANWAR KHAN VS. KALLA & OTHERS [LAWS(MPH)-2013-9-391] [REFERRED]
SOMESHWAR NATH BHARGAVA VS. KUSUM KUMARI [LAWS(ALL)-1992-5-115] [REFERRED]
MINALAL BHANSALI VS. SMT. MALA BASU AND OTHERS [LAWS(CAL)-1998-8-54] [REFERRED TO]
KAUSHIK BOSE VS. KAMAL KUMAR GHOSH [LAWS(CAL)-2005-4-83] [REFERRED TO]
RANJANA GOEL VS. SHAM LAL [LAWS(P&H)-2017-7-52] [REFERRED TO]
T EGAMMAI VS. RAJALAKSHMI [LAWS(MAD)-2018-10-76] [REFERRED TO]
SUNIL KAPOOR VS. HIMMAT SINGH & ORS [LAWS(DLH)-2018-10-343] [REFERRED TO]
RUBIS THARAYIL VS. ABDULLAKOYA HAJI [LAWS(KER)-2018-8-225] [REFERRED TO]
MOHD YUNUS AND OTHERS VS. RAM CHANDRA [LAWS(ALL)-2019-5-123] [REFERRED TO]
ANANTA PRASAD SAHU VS. GOPAL SAHU [LAWS(GAU)-2019-9-51] [REFERRED TO]
B. N. & ASSOCIATES VS. PRAMOD KUMAR [LAWS(PAT)-2020-8-23] [REFERRED TO]
USMAN GANI VS. MUKAND SINGH [LAWS(RAJ)-2021-3-59] [REFERRED TO]
MUSALE MADHUSUDHANA RAO VS. KARRE CHINNA SUBBARAYUDU [LAWS(APH)-2021-11-51] [REFERRED TO]
AMODA PROPERTIES LLP VS. JOY MRINALKANI BASU [LAWS(BOM)-2022-2-200] [REFERRED TO]
MUSALE MADHUSUDHANA RAO VS. KARRE CHINNA SUBBARAYUDU [LAWS(APH)-2021-11-68] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

Sawant, J. - (1.)The admitted facts are that respondent Harjinder Singh and his sister Bibi Nasib Kaur owned some properties, namely, (i) two pieces of land in village Dhora measuring 26 kanals and six marlas, and 33 kanals respectively; (ii) a vacant site in village Bighan measuring one kanal; (iii) a kachcha house in village Urapur; and (iv) a Bara in village Urapur measuring about 8 marlas. There is no dispute that the respondent and his sister had each half share in all the said properties. The respondent for himself and on behalf of his sister entered into a written agreement with the appellant Kartar Singh on February 28, 1965, for the sale of all the said properties for a consideration of Rs. 20,000/ -. He received a sum of Rs. 2,000/- as earnest amount and agreed to execute the sale-deed and get the same registered between May 15 and July 15, 1965. It was specifically mentioned in the agreement that he had agreed to sell not only his entire share in the property but also that of his sister, and that he would be responsible for getting the sale-deed executed from his sister. The agreement also provided that in case the respondent failed to execute the sale-deed a!; stipulated, he would refund Rs. 2,000/- which he had received as earnest money and also pay Rs. 5,000/-- as damages. His sister, however, refused to sell the property. The respondent, therefore, informed the appellant that since his sister had refused to sell the property it was not possible for him to execute the sale-deed. The appellant, hence, filed the present suit for specific performance of the contract and in the alternative for refund of the earnest money of Rs. 2,000/ - and damages of Rs. 5,000/-. The suit was filed against both the respondent and his sister as well as one Smt. Pritam Kaur who was alleged to have purchased about 13 kanals of land out of the suit property from the respondent's sister Nasib Kaur under a registered sale-deed of 31st May, 1965.
(2.)The suit was contested by respondent and defendant No. 3 Sint. Pritam Kaur. Defendant No. 2, the respondent's sister, did not contest the suit. The trial Court came to the conclusion that the respondent was liable to sell his half share in the suit property and decreed the suit with respect to the said share on payment of Rs. 8,000/- by the appellant being the balance of the consideration of Rs. 10,000/-, i.e. half of the earlier agreed consideration of Rs. 20,000/- for the entire property. The trial Court also decreed a sum of Rs. 5,000/- as damages against the respondent for not completing the sale in time and also Rs. 1,000/- as special costs. The said decree of January 6, 1967, was appealed against, and the learned Judge of the HighCourt partly allowed the appeal. He maintained the decree for specific performance of the contract in respect of the half share of the respondent in the suit property, but set aside the decree for damages of Rs. 5,000 /- as well as for the costs of Rs. 1,000/-. This order of November 9, 1973 passed in First Appeal was challenged by the respondent before the Division Bench in the same Court in Letters Patent Appeal, and the Division Bench allowed the appeal and dismissed the suit. The Bench, however, passed a decree for Rupees,, 7,000/- in favour of the appellant being the amount consisting of Rs. 2,000/- as earnest money and Rs. 5,000/- as damages. The Bench took the view that since the case was not covered by any of the exceptions to S. 12 of the Specific Relief Act (hereinafter referred to as the Act), the respondent could not have been directed to sell his share of the property. It is this decision of August 2, 1974 which is in appeal before us.
(3.)The High Court took the view that the present case was not governed by the provisions of sub-sections 2, 3 and 4 of S. 12 of the Act because according to the Court it could not be said that the respondent was unable to perform the whole of his part of the contract. According to the Court, he could not and he never did contract to sell the whole of the property by himself as neither he had any authority to do so nor did he represent that he was the owner of the whole of the property. He had clearly indicated that he was the owner of half share in the property. He had only represented that he would pursuade his sister to sell her share in the property along with him. It cannot, therefore, be said that he was unable to perform the whole of his part of the contract. The Court also held that sub-sections 2 and 3 of S. 12 of the Act would not be applicable also because the portion to be left out was not a small portion of the whole property. The Court further took the view that even if it is held that sub-sections 2 and 3 applied to the case, there was no evidence led by the plaintiff that the part of the contract which could not be performed admitted of compensation in money or not. The Court further held that the case was also not covered by sub-section 4 of S. 12 because before the said provision could be invoked, a specific finding has to be recorded that the part of the contract which is sought to be specifically performed was by itself an independent and separate one from the other part of the contract which could not be performed. To arrive at this conclusion, the Court relied upon the fact that the property in dispute consisted of a house, a vacant site, an agricultural land situated in different places and that the individual shares of the respon- dent and his sister were not mentioned in the agreement. The price was fixed in lump sum and it could not be ascertained from the agreement as to what was the specific price of each of the different properties. The Court also reasoned that even if a decree for specific performance is passed the decree-holder could in the circumstances be put in possession of the property unless and until the property was partitioned. The last reason given by the Court was that it could not be ascertained to what extent the reduction in consideration could be made if the property belonging to the respondent's sister was to be excluded from the decree.
;


Click here to view full judgement.
Copyright © Regent Computronics Pvt.Ltd.