DARSHAN SINGH Vs. STATE OF PUNJAB
LAWS(SC)-1990-9-73
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: PUNJAB & HARYANA)
Decided on September 21,1990

DARSHAN SINGH Appellant
VERSUS
STATE OF PUNJAB Respondents


Cited Judgements :-

RAMLAL VS. STATE OF M P [LAWS(MPH)-2002-10-55] [REFERRED TO]
PERARIVALAN VS. DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION [LAWS(MAD)-1991-10-86] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

S. Ratnavel Pandian, J. - (1.)This appeal is directed against the validity of the judgment in Criminal Appeal No. 523/76 of the Punjab and Haryana High Court. The present 6 appellants along with one Mangat Singh took their trial under 4 charges, namely, under Sections 148, 302 read with Sections 149, 323, and Section 323 read with S. 149, IPC on the allegations that on 20-61974 at about 7.30 p.m. at village Dakoh they all formed themselves. into -an unlawful assembly and in prosecution of the common object of that assembly caused the death of the deceased Gurdial Singh and also caused injuries to Pritam Singh (PW 7) and Surat Singh. The trial Court for the reasons assigned in its judgment convicted these appellants under all those charges and sentenced each of them to undergo one year rigourous imprisonment, imprisonment for life and to pay a fine of Rs. 100/- and six months rigorous imprisonment respectively. However, the trial Court acquitted the accused Mangat Singh who, according to the prosecution, attacked Surat Singh, observing "Be that as it may, neither any lalkara is attributed to Mangat Singh nor any particular overt act has been attributed to him."
(2.)We heard the learned Counsel for both the parties and carefully scrutinised the impugned judgment, copies of the depositions and the other connected records. The gist of the evidence adduced by the prosecution shows that appellants 2 and 3 are the son and grandson of appellant No. 1, that the appellants 4-6 are brothers; that appellant Nos. 1 and 3 caught hold of the deceased who was armed with a 12 bore single barrel shot gun; that the sixth appellant caught hold of PW 7; that immediately thereafter both appellants 1 and 3 let lose their grip and that all the appellants except appellant No. 2 attacked the deceased with various kinds of weapons such as gandasi, sua, kirpan and chhavi and caused several injuries to which the victim Gurdial Singh succumbed. The second appellant is stated to have given a blow on the right ankle joint of PW 7 with a sua.
(3.)In our considered opinion, the version of the prosecution that the appellants 1 and 3 caught hold of the deceased when the latter was attacked indiscriminately with lethal weapons is inconceivable and unacceptable. Similarly, the case of the prosecution that the appellants 1 and 3 let lose the grip and then attacked the deceased is not acceptable. Moreover, the evidence of the witnesses that the first Appellant who was then aged about 80 years went in advance and held the deceased is too big a pill to be swallowed. During the course of the arguments, it was faintly represented that the first appellant is dead but no application or memo with an authenticated proof has been filed to that effect. Be that as it may, the case of the prosecution against the first appellant is not worthy of acceptance and the evidence also does not inspire confidence. The admitted case of the prosecution is that the second appellant had not joined with the rest of the appellants in attacking the deceased. Further, there is no acceptable material to warrant a conclusion that the second appellant even shared the common object of the rest of the appellants in causing the death of the deceased. As rightly pointed out by the learned Counsel for the appellant that the second appellant is entitled for an acquittal under S. 302 read with S. 149, I.P.C. on the same reason assinged by the trial Court with regard to the case of Mangat Singh. We see much force in this submission. When the evidence of PW 7 and other witnesses is tested on the anvil of the objective circumstances, we feel that the conviction of the second appellant cannot be manitained under S. 323 also.
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