MUKESH KUMAR Vs. STATE OF UTTARAKHAND
LAWS(SC)-2020-2-12
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
Decided on February 07,2020

MUKESH KUMAR Appellant
VERSUS
STATE OF UTTARAKHAND Respondents


Referred Judgements :-

MUKUND KUMAR SHRIVASTAVA V. STATE OF U.P [REFERRED TO]
PREM KUMAR SINGH V. STATE OF U.P [REFERRED TO]
BARIUM CHEMICALS LIMITED VS. COMPANY LAW BOARD [REFERRED TO]
INDRA SAWHNEY VS. UNION OF INDIA [REFERRED TO]
AJIT SINGH VS. STATE OF PUNJAB [REFERRED TO]
M NAGARAJ VS. UNION OF INDIA [REFERRED TO]
U P POWER CORPORATION LTD VS. RAJESH KUMAR [REFERRED TO]
SURESH CHAND GAUTAM VS. STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH [REFERRED TO]
JARNAIL SINGH & OTHERS VS. LACHHMI NARAIN GUPTA & OTHERS [REFERRED TO]



Cited Judgements :-

DR. JAISHRI LAXMANRAO PATIL VS. THE CHIEF MINISTER & ORS [LAWS(SC)-2021-5-9] [REFERRED TO]
STATE OF PUNJAB VS. ANSHIKA GOYAL [LAWS(SC)-2022-1-79] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

L.NAGESWARA RAO,J. - (1.)The Controversy in the above Appeals pertains to the reservations to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in promotions in the posts of Assistant Engineer (Civil) in Public Works Department, Government of Uttarakhand.
(2.)The Uttar Pradesh Public Services (Reservation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes) Act, 1994 (for short "the 1994 Act") provided for reservation in public services and posts in favour of persons belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes of citizens. Section 3(1) of the said Act stipulated reservation at the stage of direct recruitment. According to Section 3(7) of the 1994 Act, the Government Orders providing reservation for appointment to public posts filled up by promotion which were existing on the date of commencement of the 1994 Act shall continue till they are modified or revoked. After the formation of the State of Uttarakhand in 2001, the Uttar Pradesh Public Services (Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Other Backward Caste Reservation) Act, 1994 was made applicable to the State of Uttaranchal by a Notification dated 30.08.2001 with a modification in the percentage of reservations. 21% reservation for Scheduled Castes was modified to 19% and 2% for Scheduled Tribes was increased to 4%. Likewise, 21% reservation provided in the 1994 Act for Other Backward Classes was altered to 14%.
(3.)A Division Bench of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad in Mukund Kumar Shrivastava v. State of U.P., (2011) 1 ALL LJ 428 upheld the validity of Rule 8-A of the Uttar Pradesh Servants Government Seniority Rules, 1991 (for short "the Seniority Rules") which dealt with consequential seniority of persons belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Later, in Prem Kumar Singh v. State of U.P., (2011) 3 ALL LJ 343 another Division Bench of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad, Lucknow Bench held that the judgment in Mukund Kumar Shrivastava (supra) is per incuriam and not a binding precedent. In Prem Kumar Singh's case (supra), the High Court declared Section 3(7) of the 1994 Act and Rule 8-A of the Seniority Rules unconstitutional. While declaring the correctness of the judgments of the High Court, this Court by its judgment in Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation v. Rajesh Kumar, (2012) 7 SCC 1 held that Section 3(7) of the 1994 Act is unconstitutional insofar as it is contrary to the dictum in M. Nagaraj & Ors. v. Union of India & Ors, (2006) 8 SCC 212.
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