GHAT TALAB KAULAN WALA Vs. BABA GOPAL DASS CHELA SURTI DASS
LAWS(SC)-2020-1-101
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
Decided on January 31,2020

Ghat Talab Kaulan Wala Appellant
VERSUS
Baba Gopal Dass Chela Surti Dass Respondents


Referred Judgements :-

BHAGWAN DASS AND OTHERS VS. JAIRAM DAS [REFERRED TO]



Cited Judgements :-

ASHOK KUMAR AWASTHI VS. MORAR BHAI THAKKAR [LAWS(ALL)-2021-11-106] [REFERRED TO]


JUDGEMENT

HEMANT GUPTA,J. - (1.)The plaintiff is in appeal aggrieved against an order passed by the High Court of Punjab and Haryana on 18th July, 2016 whereby the decree of two courts in its favour were set aside for the reason that Charan Dass (PW-1) was not competent to file suit as it could not demonstrate the nature of charities which the Trust had undertaken and that such suit is not maintainable without complying with the requirements of Section 92 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (for short, 'Code'). The Court held as under:
"20. For maintaining the suit qua public Trust, the leave of the Court under Section 92 CPC is mandatory. Pleadings of the plaintiff are conspicuously silent about these facts. Secondly for maintaining the suit, plaintiff has to show that there was a complete dedication of the property in favour of the general public. There has to be evidence proving beyond pale of doubt that Trust is a public Trust. Though no instruction in writing is required, to dedicate property for religious or charitable purposes. Only a clear unequivocal manifestation of intention to create a Trust and vesting thereof in the donor as a trustee is required. No such manifestation of intention to create Trust and trustee thereof have come forth on record."

(2.)The appellant had filed a suit for mandatory injunction directing the defendant Baba Gopal Dass (since deceased) to vacate the management of Mandir, building and other property. The appellant has alleged itself to be the owner of the suit property being managed by the Manager and Trustees. The defendant was said to be a Sevadar. In the said suit, the stand of the defendant was that the representatives of the plaintiff Manohar Lal and Charan Dass were never appointed as Managers or Trustees of the appellant and they fraudulently got their names entered in the revenue record. The stand of the defendant was that he did everything for the welfare of the Mandir and never sought instructions from the plaintiff and they have no right to seek rendition of accounts from the defendant. On the pleadings of the parties, the learned trial court framed the following issues:
"1. Whether the plaintiff is entitled to the injunction prayed for? OPP.

2. Whether the plaintiff is owner of the suit property as alleged in para No. 1 of the plaint? OPP.

3. Whether the plaintiff have no locus standi to file the suit? OPP.

4. Whether no cause of action has arisen to the plaintiff for filing this suit? OPP.

5. Relief."

(3.)On issue Nos. 1 and 2, the learned trial court held that the defendant is Sevadar of plaintiff Trust and that the plaintiff does not want to keep the defendant as he is not properly watching the interest of the Mandir and that he has not rendered the accounts of the income of the Temple. The Court also found that the defendant is not claiming ownership of the property in question. The trial court considered the statement made by the defendant in the previous suit for permanent injunction filed by the plaintiff on 8 th April, 1986 restraining the defendant from raising any construction in the shape of shops on the property in question. The Appellant examined Harban Singh (PW-3) an Advocate of the defendant in the previous suit, that the defendant admitted that the suit property belongs to the plaintiff and the defendant is working only as a Sevadar. The statement (Ex.P/1) reads as under:
"I have instructions from the defendant that the suit property belongs to the trust i.e. the plaintiff, where I am working only as a Sevadar. Whatever I will do, I will do for the welfare of the trust and any instructions given by the manager of the trust especially in regard to the construction of the shops I shall abide by in addition to the instructions pertaining to the manner in which shops are to be constructed and rent thereof collected."

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