Decided on June 18,1901

Radha Krishn Das Appellant
Rai Krishn Chand Respondents


DAVEY, J. - (1.) IN this case their Lordships think that they cannot but give effect to the preliminary objection which has been made. The objection is that there is no proper certificate accompanying the leave to appeal, or forming a proper foundation for the leave to appeal.
(2.) THE circumstances may be stated very shortly. The petitioner, the present appellant, states in his petition that the valuation in the appeal is below Rs. 10,000, but that it involves substantial questions of law and fact. Then he goes on: "The petitioner being desirous to appeal to Her Majesty in Council, humbly prays that this Honourable Court may be pleased to grant certificate under Section 596 of the Code of Civil Procedure "; and then he sets out certain grounds. Then an order is said to have been passed in these terms by Knox J. and Banerji J.: "Let certificate issue, that the case is a fit one for appeal to Her Majesty in Council." That was on January 20, 1898, and apparently on the same day the following certificate is made: "The Court having had before it an application for leave to appeal to Her Imperial Majesty the Queen in Her Privy Council presented on behalf of the appellant aforesaid, it is certified that though the valuation of the case is below Rs. 10,000, yet as regards the value and nature of the case it fulfills the requirements of Section 596 of Act No. XIV. of 1882." That is signed by the same two learned judges-Knox J. and Banerji J. Their Lordships think that the certificate, and not the order for the certificate, is the document which they are bound to consider and act upon; and unless the certificate upon which the leave to appeal is based is in such a form as to justify that leave, they ought to hold that leave has not properly been given.
(3.) NOW the question arises under Section 596 of the Civil Procedure Code. That section says: "In each of the cases mentioned in Clauses (a) and (b) of Section 595, the amount or value of the subject-matter of the suit in the Court of first instance must be Rs. 10,000 or upwards, and the amount or value of the matter in dispute on appeal to Her Majesty in Council must be the same sum, or upwards. Or the decree must involve, directly or indirectly, some claim, or question to, or respecting property of like amount or value." There is no difficulty in interpreting that, and it does not admit of any qualification. If any less value than Rs. 10,000 is directly or indirectly involved, it will not give the Court jurisdiction to grant leave to appeal. In a certain event, as was pointed out in the case of Banarsi Parshad v. Kashi Krishna Narain Ante, p. 11, which was recently before this Board, there is an additional requirement, namely, that where the decree appealed from affirms the decision of the Court, the appeal must involve some substantial question of law. It is noticed in the judgment of this Board, in the case to which their Lordships have just referred, that there was a prevailing impression in the High Court that the mere existence of a substantial question of law was sufficient to give the Court jurisdiction to give leave to appeal to Her Majesty in Council. Lord Hobhouse says: "Their Lordships have found on previous occasions that the existence of a point of. law has been supposed to give a right of appeal in the ordinary course of procedure under the Code. That is a mistake. Section 596 of the Code requires that in order to give such a right there must be in dispute, either directly or indirectly, an amount of Rs. 10,000. If the decree affirms the Court below, another condition is affixed, namely, that the appeal must involve some substantial question of law. The presence of such a question does not give a right when the value is below the mark. The requirement of it restricts the right when the higher decree affirms the lower." It is only upon the assumption that there was such an impression in the minds of the learned judges that this certificate can have any meaning attached to it at all, because it is difficult to understand how, if valuation is an essential part of the requirement under Section 596, it can be said that though the valuation of the case is below the amount yet it fulfills the requirement. It would be a contradiction in terms.;

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