MARUDAMUTHU PILLAI Vs. RANGASAMI MOOPPAN
LAWS(PVC)-1901-1-12
PRIVY COUNCIL
Decided on January 21,1901

MARUDAMUTHU PILLAI Appellant
VERSUS
RANGASAMI MOOPPAN Respondents

JUDGEMENT

- (1.) According to the plaintiff he entered into an agreement with the defendant that they should be partners in the business of vending arrack and toddy, the plaintiff having a. license for toddy, and the defendant having a license for arrack. At the time this contract was entered into, it was a rule of the Government under the Abkari Act that no person having a toddy license should be interested in an arrack business and vice versa. So that the contract between the parties was clearly in contravention of that rule. Such a rule was not made merely for the protection of the revenue, but also to regulate the liquor traffic in the interest of the public see Boistub Churn Naun V/s. Wooma Churn Sen I.L.R. 16 Calc. 436 at p. 440. The contract was therefore void ab initio as being opposed to public policy.
(2.) Apart from this, we should hold that the contract was invalid also on the ground that the license in each case was to be obtained by only one of the partners. The provisions of the Abkari Act, as a whole, show clearly that every person carrying on abkari business as a principal must be licensed under the Act. The reason is obvious that, unless he were licensed, there could be no control over him. To hold that a person who has not got a license could still be partner with one who has a license and as such partner carry on the business with or without the other would enable the unlicensed partner to evade the liabilities intended by the law to he cast on persons carrying on abkari business.
(3.) The second appeal therefore fails and is dismissed with costs of the first respondent.;


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