NRUSINGH CHARAN NAYAK Vs. HEMANT KUMARI NAYAK
HIGH COURT OF ORISSA
NRUSINGH CHARAN NAYAK
HEMANT KUMARI NAYAK
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(1.) This appeal has been carried by the defendant-husband against the decree of the learned
Subordinate Judge allowing the wife's claim for restitution of conjugal rights. The application under S. 9 of the
Hindu Marriage Act (hereinafter referred to as the 'Act') which was registered as a suit was not valued, but the
appellant has valued the appeal at Rs. 100/- and has paid court-fee of Rs. 22.50 on the memorandum of appeal.
(2.) Counsel for the respondent raised objection to the maintainability of the appeal in this Court in view of the
disclosed valuation in the memorandum of appeal and pressed for an order to that effect being passed. Mr. Patra for
the appellant, however, does not accept the objection and contends that the appeal lay to this Court.
(3.) Section 9 of the Act provides that the application for restitution of conjugal rights has to be made to the District
Court. District Court has been defined in S. 3 (b) of the Act to mean
"...... ... in any area for which there is a city civil court, that court, and in any other area the principal civil court of
original jurisdiction and includes any other civil court which may be specified by the State Government, by
notification in the Official Gazette, as having jurisdiction in respect of the matters dealt with in this Act."
The State Government in exercise of this power have notified :
The 30th November 1966
No. 8304-I.-J-30/66-Judl.- In exercise of the powers conferred by Cl. (b) of
S. 3 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (25 of 1955), the State Government do hereby specify that every court of
principal Subordinate Judge in the State of Orissa shall have jurisdiction in respect of the matters dealt with in the
By order of the Governor
Secretary to Government."
The learned Subordinate Judge entertained the application under S. 9 of the Act on the basis of the aforesaid
notification and proceeded to dispose of the case.
Section 28 of the Act prior to its amendment by Central Act 68 of 1976 provided :
"All decrees and orders made by the court in any proceeding under this Act shall be enforced in like manner as the
decrees and orders of the court made in the exercise of its original civil jurisdiction are enforced, and may be
appealed from under any law for the time being in force :
Provided ... ... ..."
The Amending Act came into force with effect from May 27 of 1976, but this appeal was presented before this
Court on 22-4-1976. Though there is no substantial difference between the original and the amended provisions so
far as the present dispute is concerned, there can be no two opinions that the maintainability of the appeal has to be
examined with reference to the unamended provision.
This appeal has been carried in terms of S. 28 of the Act. There is no dispute that the impugned judgment and
decree are open to appeal but the dispute is as to the forum of appeal - whether it would be this Court or the Court
of the District Judge.;
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