BANKA BHOI AND ORS. Vs. STATE OF ORISSA
LAWS(ORI)-1950-8-20
HIGH COURT OF ORISSA
Decided on August 22,1950

Banka Bhoi And Ors. Appellant
VERSUS
STATE OF ORISSA Respondents

JUDGEMENT

Narasimham, J. - (1.) THE seventeen Petitioners and eight other persons were tried in the Court of the Assistant Sessions Judge, Puri, for offences under Section 304/34 and 201 of the Indian Penal Code in connection with an occurrence which took place early in the morning of the 21st October, 1948 in village Dimirisena, P.S. Brahmagiri in which one Daitari Palai was killed. The learned Assistant Sessions Judge acquitted two persons who were charged under Section 201 I.P.C. and six of the twenty -three persons charged under Section 304/34 I.P.C. and convicted the Petitioners under Section 326/34 I.P.C. and sentenced them to various terms of imprisonment. On appeal, the learned Sessions Judge of Puri maintained the convictions and sentence passed on the Petitioners.
(2.) IT appears that in village Dimirisena, P.S. Brahmagiri there are two factions, one led by one Chandra Sekhar Patnaik and the other by the deceased Daitari Palai. Some cases were also fought out between the parties on previous occasions. All the Petitioners are said to belong to the party of Chandra Sekhar Patnaik. The prosecution case was that on account of this enmity Chandra Sekhar Patnaik instigated the Petitioners and other persons to waylay and severely belabour Daitari Palai with lathis and tent as early in the morning of the 21st October, 1948 while the said Daitari was proceeding towards his field. Daitari fell down unconscious and died soon afterwards. It was further alleged that two persons of the accused party removed the blood -stains with a view to conceal all traces of the crime. But this portion of the case was not believed by the trial court. There were several eye -witnesses on the side of the prosecution to prove the actual assault. Both the Courts however held that one group of eye -witnesses who were co -villagers were inimically disposed towards the Petitioners and that their evidence regarding the participation of the Petitioners in the assault should not be believed in the absence of adequate corroboration. But the courts held that four other eye -witnesses, namely P.Ws. 10, 11, 18 and 14 were disinterested witnesses and inasmuch as they have also spoken about the occurrence and the participation of some or all of the Petitioners in the assault there was adequate corroboration of the testimony of the interested villagers. The Petitioners put forward the story that the deceased fell down from a coconut tree and sustained multiple injuries in consequence of which he subsequently died. This story was disbelieved by both the courts both on the ground of inherent improbability and also in view of the positive testimony of the eye -witnesses which has been accepted. Mr. Das in a somewhat lengthy argument commented on several unsatisfactory features in the prosecution case and urged that the Petitioners ought to have been given the benefit of doubt at least. He first submitted that the real F.I.R. of the case was Ext. A as Proved by P.W. 25 and that it was subsequently torn and replaced by another F.I.R. chiefly with a view to implicate Chandrasekhar Patnaik. He further urged that many of the Petitioners have not been named in the F.I.R. & that some of the eye -witnesses also have not been named in the F.I.R. He again reiterated the defence version about the death the deceased having been caused by a fall from the coconut tree and urged that in view of the medical evidence this story should have been behaved. He also emphasised the fact that Chandra Sekhar Patnaik who was said to be the main instigator in the commission of the crime was actually found in the police station on the same pay some hours later and that the entire prosecution case should have been discredited in view of the attempt made to implicate him on a false char.
(3.) HIS Lordship discusses the argument on facts.;


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