TARIF BISWAS AND ANOTHER Vs. KALIDAS BANERJEE AND OTHERS
HIGH COURT OF CALCUTTA
TARIF BISWAS AND ANOTHER
KALIDAS BANERJEE AND OTHERS
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(1.) The ancestors of the respondents in this case obtained a decree against the appellants' ancestor, who, on 24th June 1853, executed a kistbandi, agreeing to pay the amount of the decree by certain installments; Tarif and Jarif, the appellants before the Court, being sureties for the due performance of the terms of the kistbandi. One of the terms of that document was to the effect that, if the debtors failed to make payment as agreed upon, the decree-holder was to take out execution of the kistbandi. On this document and the surety bond being filed in Court by the parties concerned, the execution proceedings were struck off the file. The decree-holder at different times proceeded to enforce his claim under the terms of the kistbandi and, in the last endeavour to realize the sum due to him, attached certain property belonging to his debtor, which was advertised for sale, when the sureties filed objections to further proceedings in execution. "These objections were heard and rejected by both the lower Courts, and a special appeal has been filed in this Court.
(2.) The grounds taken before us are, 1st, that, if the debtor failed to pay the debt according to the terms of the kistbandi, the decree-holder should have taken out execution of his decree; for the law does not permit execution to be taken on a kistbandi, but only on a decree; and if the judgment-creditor wish to recover under the terms of the kistbandi, he must bring a fresh suit for that purpose, and a judgment of this Court of 1st March 1867, in Aghore Chundra Mookerjee v. Wooma Soonderee Debea (7 W.R., 217), is quoted in support of this averment; 2nd, it is pleaded that execution is barred by limitation.
(3.) The judgment-creditor in this case could not, as supposed by the appellants' pleader, now execute his decree; for the kistbandi entered into between him, and the debtor is in substitution for that decree, and he can only proceed on the terms of his new contract, which was entered into by the parties in the presence, and with the sanction, of the Court making the decree. The kistbandi was for the benefit of the debtor, and we think he cannot, on his failing to carry out its terms, turn round upon his creditor, and require him to recommence a course of litigation to recover what has already been decreed to him. Nor does the judgment quoted above support the view taken by the appellants' vakeel; for in that case the terms of the contract were that, if the debtor failed to pay, the creditor might enforce his decree. There are two other cases which go dead against the appellants: one is Anund Chander Mozoomdar v. Goburdhun Khan (5 W.R., S.C.C. Ref., 19); and the other is Dwarka Nath Sadhookhan v. Doorga Churn Saha (6 W.B., S.C.C. Ref., 1). The judgments in these cases should, I think, be followed in the present.;
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