Decided on May 08,1869



- (1.) The plaintiff, in this suit obtained a decree for possession with wasilat, or mesne profits. In execution the lower Court awarded, by way of mesne profits, a sum equivalent to the fair and reasonable rent of the entire land, not only of that which was actually occupied by ryots, but also of that which was not cultivated, but which the lower Court thinks might have been cultivated or let to tenants by the defendants. In special appeal, it is objected that the calculation of wasilat proceeded upon a wrong principle. It is urged that the plaintiffs prior to and at the time of dispossession were cultivating ryots, and that if they had not been wrongfully dispossessed from the land, they would have realized an amount of profits far exceeding that which the defendants had realized.
(2.) It is urged very ingeniously and sensibly by the vakeel for the appellant, that in a suit by a ryot who is dispossessed by the zamindar, the mere amount of rent received by the zamindar during the period of dispossession, is no measure of the damages sustained by such ryot by being dispossessed. It was pointed out that if the ryot held at the full rate of rent capable of being realized from the land, and the zamindar after dispossessing him should let the land to other people at the same rate, and if in assessing the wasilat or damages the rent payable to the zamindar were deducted, and the sarunjami or collection charges were likewise allowed, as has been done in this case, the ryot, though he might have sustained serious injury and loss by being turned out of the land and deprived of his means of making a livelihood, would actually get nothing from his landlord. Therefore it follows that the amount of rent collected by the landlord is not necessarily the measure of damages. In Sedgwick on Damages 4th Edition, 136 it is said that in an action of trespass for mesne profits, which is an action for damages, the jury are not confined in their verdict to the mere rent of the premises, but may give such extra damages, as they thick the particular circumstances of the case demand. So in an early case in England, Goodtitle v. Tombs 3 Wils. 121, it was said: The plaintiff is not confined in this case to the very mesne profits only, but be may recover for his trouble. I have known four times the value of the mesne "profits given by a jury in this sort of action of trespass; if it were not so, sometimes complete justice could not be done to the party injured." The difficulty which the special appellant has to contend against is, that he has not put his case in the way in which it is now put by his vakeel. He had not asked for, or obtained any decree or order for the assessment of his damages on the footing on which, he now says, they ought to have been assessed. He has sued for and obtained a decree for mesne profits only, and has accepted without objection a remand directing an enquiry into the amount of the mesne profits. We can only take the decree, as it stands, and in so doing we give to the plaintiff the mesne profits on the rent of the land upon the usual principle. There is, therefore, no ground for interfering with the decision of the Judge on this point.
(3.) The special appellant further contended that he being a cultivating ryot ought to have received the entire rent without any deduction of the sarunjami or collection charges, because if be had been occupying the land-he would have realized the rent, and the collection charges would have cost him nothing.;

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