NIRANJAN ROY Vs. DIST PANCHAYET OFFICER
HIGH COURT OF CALCUTTA
DIST PANCHAYET OFFICER
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(1.) IN this Rule the subject matter of challenge the demand made by dakshin Barasat Anchal Panchayat upon the petitioners to pay employment tax imposed by the Panchayat. Some of the petitioners are employed as Lecturers, some of them are Tutor Lecturers and the are- employed as non teaching staff of dhruba Chand Haider College situated at dakshin Barasat within the limits of the aforesaid Panchayat.
(2.) IN my view, the petitioners are riot entitled to contend that the aforesaid Panchayat is not authorised to impose and demand from the petitioners seen tax. An Anchal panchayat, under section 57 (1 ) (b) of the west Bengal Panchayat Act, 1957 had been empowered to impose yearly tax on professions trades, callings and employments carried on or held within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the Panchayat on the basis of the total annual income accrued from such professions, trade, calling or employment subject to a maximum of Rs. 250/-per annum in respect of any one person. The corresponding section 47 (1) (b) of the west Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973 contains similar provisions for imposition of tax on profession, trades, callings and employments carried on or held within the local limits of a Gram Panchayat. The petitioners themselves claim they are employees of the aforesaid college situated within the local limits of the aforesaid Gram Panchayat.
(3.) ARTICLE 276 (1) of the Constitution of india has laid down, inter-alia that notwithstanding anything in Article 246 no law of the legislature of a State relating to taxes for the benefit of the State or by a Municipality, District Board, Local Board or Local authority thereunder in respect of professions trades, callings or employments shall be invalid on the ground that it relates to a tax on income. In the instant case, the tax on such employment imposed upon the petitioners does not exceed the sum of ms, 250/- per annum specified in clause (i)of Article 276. The Panchayat in question tea local authority. The West Bengal legislature by the aforesaid enactments has authorised the Gram Panchayat to impose the tax in question in respect of professions, trades, callings or employments carried on or held within the local limits of the Gram panchayat.;
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