WEST BENGAL HEAD MASTERS ASSN Vs. UNION OF INDIA
HIGH COURT OF CALCUTTA
WEST BENGAL HEAD MASTERS ASSN
UNION OF INDIA
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(1.) THIS appeal has been preferred by the West Bengal Head masters' Association and the West Bengal Guardians' association against the judgment of a learned Judge of this court whereby the, learned Judge discharged the rule Nisi issued on the application of the appellants under Article 226 of the Constitution. The question involved in this appeal is whether the revised History Syllabus for class VIII introduced by the West Bengal Board of secondary Education, hereinafter referred to as the Board, with effect from January 1983 is valid or not.
(2.) ACCORDING to the appellants in the State of West Bengal, there are two types of schools one under the Central board of Education, New Delhi and the other under the West Bengal Board of secondary Education. The syllabi of the two groups are different, but both of them are in conformity with the syllabus as framed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training, hereinafter referred to as NCERT, an autonomous body under the Ministry of education, Government of India, New, delhi. The History Syllabus for Class viii as prescribed or recommended by ncert included, amongst others the following :
"unit 5. Rise of Indian Nationalism and Struggle for freedom. (25 Series)Major Ideas : 1. The discontent created by the British in India through their political and economic policies and emergence of national consciousness among the people led to the emergence of the Indian National Movement which expressed the aspiration of the Indian people as a snation. 2. The Indian independence was obtained at a cost of great sacrifices made by the Indian people belonging to all communities and all parts of the country unit 6. Freedom and after (upto 1950) (10 periods)Major Ideas : 1. The partition of the country at the time of independence created a number of problems. "
(3.) THE History Syllabus for class viii that was operative till 1982, that is to say, before the revised syllabus was introduced, consisted of 165 pages out of which 50 pages were allotted to the history of Freedom Movement as follows -
"history of Freedom Movement -Indian National Congress - W. C. Bannerjee -Swadeshi Movement - Surendranath - Bipin Chandra - Aurobindo-B. C. Tilak - L. Lajpat Roy - Revolutionary Movement- Gandhiji's Nonviolence, Non-cooperation Movement -Abdul Gaffar Khan - Deshbandhu Chittananjan -Jawharlal Nehru - Abu! kalam Azad - Subhash Chandra Bose-Gandhiji's Civil Disobedience Movement -Quit India Movement - Netaji's war against the British and formation of Azad Hind Government - British withdrawal - Independent. " (50 pages);
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