SHIVAJI PEERA VIBHUTE Vs. BHAGWAN RAMCHANDRA BHOSALE
HIGH COURT OF BOMBAY
Shivaji Peera Vibhute
Bhagwan Ramchandra Bhosale
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(1.) This second appeal challenges a judgment and order passed by the 3rd Additional District Judge, Sangli. By the impugned judgment and order, the learned Additional District Judge dismissed Regular Civil Appeal No.403 of 1988 filed by Respondent Nos.1 and 2 as well as Regular Civil Appeal No.425 of 1988 filed by the Appellant. The Appellant herein is the original Plaintiff in Regular Civil Suit No.15 of 1983. The suit was partly decreed by the Joint Civil Judge, Junior Division, Sangli, declaring 1/4 th share of the Appellant in the suit property. The decree of the Joint Civil Judge, was confirmed by the learned District Judge in the Regular Civil Appeals. The Appellant is aggrieved by this order.
(2.) The appellant is the adoptive son of Peera Laxman Vibhute ("Peera"). He was adopted on 15 July 1978. The adoption deed is registered on 18 July 1978. The suit property was originally owned by one Subarao. Subarao died in 1950, leaving behind him two heirs - his widow Krishnabai and son Shankar. Shankar died in the year 1962, leaving him surviving by his mother Krishnabai and widow Radhabai. Peera had purchased the suit property from Radhabai under a registered sale deed dated 28 January 1966. Peera had filed a suit bearing Regular Civil Suit No.485 of 1966 for perpetual injunction against deceased Krishnabai and Respondent Nos.2 and 3 herein (original Defendant Nos.2 and 3). That suit was dismissed. An appeal therefrom was also dismissed. The dismissal was on the basis that Peera was found not be in possession of the suit property. In course of its order, the Trial Court has observed that deceased Peera was owner of only one half share of the suit property, since Radhabai, widow of Shankar, who was the predecessor in title of Peera, herself had and was entitled to sell only one half share of the suit property. It is the case of the Appellant that he is the owner of the suit property to the extent of one half share on the basis of the judgment referred to above, whereas the impugned decree in his own suit for partition gives him only one fourth share.
(3.) The controversy in the present matter pertains to the ownership of the Plaintiff's vendor Radhabai. It is common ground that the suit property belonged to Subarao who died intestate in the year 1950. When succession opened in year 1950, in the light of the provisions of the Hindu Women's Right to Property Act, 1937, wife of Subarao, namely, Krishnabai got a statutory right or interest the suit property. Subarao was survived by his widow Krishnabai and son Shankar. Both of them, accordingly, got one half share each of the suit property. The joint family between Krishnabai and Shankar admittedly continued after the death of Subarao. Krishnabai's half share, though the same represented limited ownership of Krishnabai under the provisions of the Hindu Women's Right to Property Act, 1937, matured into full ownership after coming into force of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. Shankar died in 1962. Under the provisions of Hindu Succession Act, Shankar's heirs were his mother Krishnabai and widow Radhabai. His one half share of the suit property devolved equally unto them, each thus taking one fourth share. Radhabai, the widow of Shankar, thus, succeeded only to one fourth share in the property of Subarao. That was the share which was sold by Radhabai to Peera, the adoptive father of the Appellant.;
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