MUNNALAL AND RAGHUNATHSINGH Vs. KASHIBAI
HIGH COURT OF BOMBAY
MUNNALAL AND RAGHUNATHSINGH
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John Beaumont, J. -
(1.)THIS is a consolidated appeal by special leave from two judgments and two decrees dated December 16, 1937, and December 22, 1937, respectively of the High Court of Judicature at Nagpur, which reversed two judgments and two decrees dated June 21, 1934, and June 15, 1934, respective of the Court of the Subordinate Judge, First Class, Khandwa.
(2.)THE two appeals which are consolidated arise out of two suits in ejectment. THE suit to which the first appeal relates was brought by the appellants, or their predecessors in title, claiming possession of a house and certain land in a town and the house thereon. In the suit to which the second appeal relates the appellant claimed possession of three muafi fields. THE Subordinate Judge decreed both suits, but, on appeal, the High Court dismissed them.
The title of the plaintiffs in both suits is traced from one, Balwant Singh, who died in the year 1907. The respondents claim through one, Bahadur Singh, the younger brother of the father of Balwant Singh. In the first appeal it is not disputed that Bahadur Singh was the owner of the property in suit and had power to dispose of it by will, the only question being whether he effectively did so.
Bahadur Singh died on April 13, 1890, having made a will dated March 30, 1890, under which he bequeathed his property to his daughter Jankibai, and her minor son, Narain. He left no son or descendant of a son.
(3.)THE learned Subordinate Judge held that the burden rested upon respond' ents Nos. 1 and 2, who were the daughters of Jankibai (the other respondents claiming through them) to prove the will of Bahadur, and that, whilst he could presume under Section 90 of the Indian Evidence Act that the will had been properly executed and attested, he could not, under that section, presume that the testator, when he made his will, was of sound disposing mind. He accordingly held the will not proved. In appeal the High Court held that the presumption which could be drawn under Section 90 extended to testamentary capacity and held the will proved.
Section 90 of the Indian Evidence Act is in the following terms: Where any document, purporting or proved to be thirty years old, is produced from any custody which the Court in the particular case considers proper, the Court may presume that the signature and every other part of such document, which purports to be in the handwriting of any particular person, is in that person's handwriting, and, in the case of a document executed or attested, that it was duly executed and attested by the persons by whom it purports to be executed and attested.
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