Decided on May 05,2016

Umedmal Bhikulal Appellant
Saibaba Trading Company Respondents


A. I. S. Cheema, J. - (1.) Heard counsel for the applicant - original complainant and learned A.P.P. for respondent No.2/ State. In this matter, this Court earlier issued notice to the respondent No.1 - original accused. However, now it is noticed that, in the trial Court, the complaint came to be dismissed even before the process was issued. At the stage of issue of process, the procedure does not contemplate hearing the accused. As such, it is not necessary to further pursue this matter for service of notice on the respondent No.1 - original accused. The limited question is, whether opportunity should have been given to the complainant to record his verification. The question of issue of process is to be considered under Chapter XV of the Code of Criminal Procedure. The stage of Section 256 of the Code of Criminal Procedure was not yet reached because Section 256 provides that, if summons has been issued on complaint and thereafter complainant remains absent, the Magistrate would have discretion to acquit the accused.
(2.) The learned counsel for the applicant - complainant has tendered across the bar certified copy of application which was filed on 15.4.2015 for adjournment as the complainant had some difficulty. It was a fresh matter dated 3.3.2015, which had been registered by the Court of Judicial Magistrate, First Class on 9.3.2015. It is not clear how the Magistrate observed that the complaint had been filed on 5.2.2015 and proceeded to reject the application and dismiss the complaint. It was unreasonable on the part of the trial Court not to give some breathing time to the complainant especially when the complainant had filed an application.
(3.) The effect of the order passed by the trial Court is that of "discharge" where fresh complaint would not be barred. However, looking to the fact that the present complaint arises out of Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, which requires filing of a complaint in a particular time after notice has been issued, it would be appropriate to invoke revisional jurisdiction by this Court and correct the orders which have been passed by the trial Court. The trial Court, without recording verification, passed orders stating that the complaint was being dismissed for want of verification under section 203 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Section 203 of the Code of Criminal Procedure can be invoked only after considering the statement on oath, if any, of the complainant and of the witnesses, and the result of the enquiry or investigation, if any, under section 202. The said stage was yet not reached. Thus, the impugned order cannot be maintained.;

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