Decided on July 23,1983

Rama Bahabhai Verchiram Respondents


QURESHI, J. - (1.) In this appeal the State of Gujarat is challenging the order of acquittal dated 14th September, 1979 passed by the learned Judicial Magistrate, First-Class, Kalol in Summary Case No. 2847/78 acquitting the accused of the offences punishable under section 279, 337 of the Indian Penal Code and sections 112 and 116 of the Motor Vehicles Act. The respondent was the original accused. He was charged for rash and negligent driving of his Motor truck No.QTG 3572 and thereby causing an accident in which Scooter No. GRA 2087 hardly was damaged and the complainant who was riding it was slightly injured. The accident is said to have occurred on 31st May, 1978 at about 8.00 P.M. After the charge-sheet was filed and the case was fixed for recording evidence, the prosecution witnesses failed to turn out and the matter was adjourned from time to time for a period of about six months. Although the complainant was served with the Summons to remain present on 14th September, 1979 neither the complainant remained present in the court nor his witnesses were present on that day. Hence the learned Magistrate discharged the complaint and passed the impugned order of acquittal.
(2.) It has been time and again stated that it is for the prosecution to proceed with the complaint diligently. The court is not bound to grant adjournment after adjournment on account of the failure of the prosecution to keep its witnesses present. On the day on which the learned Magistrate discharged the complaint even the complainant was not present though summons were served on him for attendance on that day. It the circumstances the learned Magistrate was justified in passing the order which he did. It may be that the prosecution may not be able to ensure the attendance of its witnesses on account of either non-availability or reluctance of the witnesses to come forward a give deposition in court. In such circumstances, it would be proper and fair on the part of the prosecution to tell the court frankly that evidence is not available to proceed with the matter and thus seek an order of discharge from the court. If the prosecution fails to do so, the court would be justified in passing the order of discharge of the complaint and the acquittal of the accused. Thus, there is no substance in this appeal and hence it is dismissed. Appeal dismissed. ;

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