COMMISSIONER OF COMMERCIAL TAX, U.P. Vs. M/S. A.R. THERMOSETS (PVT.) LTD.
LAWS(SC)-2016-9-7
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
Decided on September 06,2016

Commissioner Of Commercial Tax, U.P. Appellant
VERSUS
M/S. A.R. Thermosets (Pvt.) Ltd. Respondents

JUDGEMENT

DIPAK MISRA,J. - (1.) In this appeal, by special leave, the Revenue has called in question the legal sustainability of the judgment and order passed by the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad in Commercial Tax Revision no. 1156 of 2009 preferred by the assessee -respondent under Section 11 of the U.P. Trade Tax Act, 1948 (for brevity, 'the 1948 Act') read with Sections 81 and 58 of the VAT Act, 2008 (for short, 'the VAT Act') whereby the learned Single Judge has allowed the revision negativing the stand put forth in opposition by the State to the stance highlighted by the assessee.
(2.) The facts on which the controversy rests is in a narrow compass. The respondent manufactures "bitumen emulsion". It filed an application before the Commissioner, Commercial Taxes, Lucknow, U.P. under Section 59 of the VAT Act seeking a clarification about the rate of tax applicable to the sales of bitumen emulsion. The Commissioner of Commercial Taxes, vide order dated 23.1.1999 opined that bitumen emulsion is an unclassified commodity and, therefore, is excisable to tax at the rate of 12.5% as it would fall under the residuary Entry.
(3.) Being aggrieved by the order dated 23.1.1999, the respondent preferred Appeal No. 6 of 2009 under the VAT Act before the Tribunal Commercial Taxes, U.P., Lucknow (for short 'the tribunal') which was heard by the Full Bench. It was contended before the tribunal by the assessee -appellant therein that bitumen as a commodity is taxed at 4% under Serial no. 22 Part A of Schedule II to the VAT Act and bitumen is found in solid state and to bring it in the liquid form, water is added to it and very little quantity is used in the process. Elaborating the said submission, it was urged that when bitumen is available in the liquid form, it is known as bitumen emulsion and is commonly known as bitumen when it is available in the solid form; and both the commodities are understood in the same manner in the commercial world and the end use is the same and, therefore, the rate of tax to be determined has to be the same as prescribed for bitumen.;


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