GOPALJI JHA SHASTRI Vs. STATE OF BIHAR
LAWS(SC)-1982-12-24
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA (FROM: PATNA)
Decided on December 14,1982

Gopalji Jha Shastri Appellant
VERSUS
STATE OF BIHAR Respondents

JUDGEMENT

- (1.) Three appellants were members of the Managing Committee of Bihar Khadi Gramodyog Sangh. In that capacity they were prosecuted for committing an offence under S. 31 (1) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. Learned Sub-Divisional Magistrate took cognizance of the offence against the aforementioned persons who are appellants in this appeal. Thereupon, the appellants moved the High court of Judicature at Patna in Cr. W. J. C. No. 93 of 1973 for quashingthe order taking cognizance of the offence, it was contended before the High court that Bihar Khadi Gramodyog Sangh is not an industry within the meaning of S. 2 (/) of the Industrial Disputes Act and therefore, the action of the appellants could not be said to be in contravention of S. 33 so as to be punishable under S. 31 (1). A division bench of the High court by its judgment declined to interfere with the order of learned Magistrate and dismissed the writ petition. Hence this appeal by special leave.
(2.) The point raised in this appeal would be covered by the decision of the Constitution bench composed of seven Judges of this court in Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board v. A. Rajappa. The wide sweep of expression 'industry' as interpreted therein will comprehend Bihar Khadi Gramodyog Sangh and, therefore, following the decision it must be held that Bihar Khadi Gramodyog Sangh is an industry within the meaning of the expression of S. 2 (1) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. Consequently, the contention raised in this appeal must fail. That being the only point, the appeal {ails and is dismissed.;


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